1 Samuel 4:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, and they fled, every man to his home. And there was a very great slaughter, for thirty thousand foot soldiers of Israel fell.

King James Bible
And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

American Standard Version
And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man to his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So the Philistines fought, and Israel was overthrown, and every man fled to his own dwelling: and there was an exceeding great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

English Revised Version
And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man to his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

1 Samuel 4:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

On the return of the people to the camp, the elders held a council of war as to the cause of the defeat they had suffered. "Why hath Jehovah smitten us to-day before the Philistines?" As they had entered upon the war by the word and advice of Samuel, they were convinced that Jehovah had smitten them. The question presupposes at the same time that the Israelites felt strong enough to enter upon the war with their enemies, and that the reason for their defeat could only be that the Lord, their covenant God, had withdrawn His help. This was no doubt a correct conclusion; but the means which they adopted to secure the help of their God in continuing the war were altogether wrong. Instead of feeling remorse and seeking the help of the Lord their God by a sincere repentance and confession of their apostasy from Him, they resolved to fetch the ark of the covenant out of the tabernacle at Shiloh into the camp, with the delusive idea that God had so inseparably bound up His gracious presence in the midst of His people with this holy ark, which He had selected as the throne of His gracious appearance, that He would of necessity come with it into the camp and smite the foe. In 1 Samuel 4:4, the ark is called "the ark of the covenant of Jehovah of hosts, who is enthroned above the cherubim," partly to show the reason why the people had the ark fetched, and partly to indicate the hope which they founded upon the presence of this sacred object. (See the commentary on Exodus 25:20-22). The remark introduced here, "and the two sons of Eli were there with the ark of the covenant of God," is not merely intended to show who the guardians of the ark were, viz., priests who had hitherto disgraced the sanctuary, but also to point forward at the very outset to the result of the measures adopted.

1 Samuel 4:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Israel

1 Samuel 4:2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines...

Leviticus 26:17 And I will set my face against you, and you shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you...

Deuteronomy 28:25 The LORD shall cause you to be smitten before your enemies: you shall go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them...

Psalm 78:9,60-64 The children of Ephraim, being armed, and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle...

every man

2 Samuel 20:1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said...

1 Kings 12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king listened not to them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David?...

1 Kings 22:36 And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city...

2 Kings 14:12 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel; and they fled every man to their tents.

a very great

2 Samuel 18:7 Where the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David...

2 Chronicles 13:17 And Abijah and his people slew them with a great slaughter: so there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men.

2 Chronicles 28:5,6 Why the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him...

Isaiah 10:3-6 And what will you do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will you flee for help...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:15
"But if you will not obey the voice of the LORD your God or be careful to do all his commandments and his statutes that I command you today, then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you.

Deuteronomy 28:25
"The LORD will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. You shall go out one way against them and flee seven ways before them. And you shall be a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth.

1 Samuel 4:2
The Philistines drew up in line against Israel, and when the battle spread, Israel was defeated before the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men on the field of battle.

2 Samuel 18:17
And they took Absalom and threw him into a great pit in the forest and raised over him a very great heap of stones. And all Israel fled every one to his own home.

2 Samuel 19:8
Then the king arose and took his seat in the gate. And the people were all told, "Behold, the king is sitting in the gate." And all the people came before the king. Now Israel had fled every man to his own home.

2 Kings 14:12
And Judah was defeated by Israel, and every man fled to his home.

2 Chronicles 25:22
And Judah was defeated by Israel, and every man fled to his home.

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