1 Samuel 30:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But David pursued, he and four hundred men. Two hundred stayed behind, who were too exhausted to cross the brook Besor.

King James Bible
But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

American Standard Version
But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred stayed, who being weary could not go over the torrent Besor.

English Revised Version
But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred stayed behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor:

Webster's Bible Translation
But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, who were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

1 Samuel 30:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Samuel 30:1-4 form one period, which is expanded by the introduction of several circumstantial clauses. The apodosis to "It came to pass, when," etc. (1 Samuel 30:1), does not follow till 1 Samuel 30:4, "Then David and the people," etc. But this is formally attached to 1 Samuel 30:3, "so David and his men came," with which the protasis commenced in 1 Samuel 30:1 is resumed in an altered form. "It came to pass, when David and his men came to Ziklag ... the Amalekites had invaded ... and had carried off the wives ... and had gone their way, and David and his men came into the town (for 'when David and his men came,' etc.), and behold it was burned ... . Then David and the people with him lifted up their voice." "On the third day:" after David's dismission by Achish, not after David's departure from Ziklag. David had at any rate gone with Achish beyond Gath, and had not been sent back till the whole of the princes of the Philistines had united their armies (1 Samuel 29:2.), so that he must have been absent from Ziklag more than two days, or two days and a half. This is placed beyond all doubt by 1 Samuel 30:11., since the Amalekites are there described as having gone off with their booty three days before David followed them, and therefore they had taken Ziklag and burned it three days before David's return. These foes had therefore taken advantage of the absence of David and his warriors, to avenge themselves for David's invasions and plunderings (1 Samuel 27:8). Of those who were carried off, "the women" alone expressly mentioned in 1 Samuel 30:2, although the female population and all the children had been removed, as we may see from the expression "small and great" (1 Samuel 30:3, 1 Samuel 30:6). The lxx were therefore correct, so far as the sense is concerned, in introducing the words καὶ πάντα before בּהּ עשׁר. "They had killed no one, but (only) carried away." נהג, to carry away captive, as in Isaiah 20:4. Among those who had been carried off were David's two wives, Ahinoam and Abigail (vid., 1 Samuel 25:42-43; 1 Samuel 27:3).

1 Samuel 30:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for two hundred

1 Samuel 14:20,31 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold...

Judges 8:4,5 And Gideon came to Jordan, and passed over, he, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint, yet pursuing them...

the brook Besor This brook or torrent, it is evident from the circumstances of the history, must be in the south-west part of Judea, and must empty itself into the Mediterranean Sea. In the more particular situation of it writers are not agreed. some suppose it to be between Gaza and Rhinocorura; but Jerome places it between Rhinocorura and Egypt. it is supposed by some to be the same as the river of the wilderness, (Am

1 Samuel 6:14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Bethshemite, and stood there, where there was a great stone...

) and the river of Egypt,

Joshua 15:4 From there it passed toward Azmon, and went out to the river of Egypt; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea...

Cross References
1 Samuel 30:9
So David set out, and the six hundred men who were with him, and they came to the brook Besor, where those who were left behind stayed.

1 Samuel 30:11
They found an Egyptian in the open country and brought him to David. And they gave him bread and he ate. They gave him water to drink,

1 Samuel 30:21
Then David came to the two hundred men who had been too exhausted to follow David, and who had been left at the brook Besor. And they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. And when David came near to the people he greeted them.

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