1 Samuel 22:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then the king said to Doeg, “You turn and strike the priests.” And Doeg the Edomite turned and struck down the priests, and he killed on that day eighty-five persons who wore the linen ephod.

King James Bible
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

American Standard Version
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and he slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the king said to Doeg: Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and fell upon the priests and slew in that day eighty-five men that wore the linen ephod.

English Revised Version
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and he slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day eighty and five persons that wore a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 22:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

On receiving this information, Saul immediately summoned the priest Ahimelech and "all his father's house," i.e., the whole priesthood, to Nob, to answer for what they had done. To Saul's appeal, "Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, by giving him bread?" Ahimelech, who was not conscious of any such crime, since David had come to him with a false pretext, and the priest had probably but very little knowledge of what took place at court, replied both calmly and worthily (1 Samuel 22:14): "And who of all thy servants is so faithful (proved, attested, as in Numbers 12:7) as David, and son-in-law of the king, and having access to thy private audience, and honoured in thy house?" The true explanation of אל־משׁמעתּך סר may be gathered from a comparison of 2 Samuel 23:23 and 1 Chronicles 11:25, where משׁמעת occurs again, as the context clearly shows, in the sense of a privy councillor of the king, who hears his personal revelations and converses with him about them, so that it corresponds to our "audience." סוּר, lit. to turn aside from the way, to go in to any one, or to look after anything (Exodus 3:3; Ruth 4:1, etc.); hence in the passage before us "to have access," to be attached to a person. This is the explanation given by Gesenius and most of the modern expositors, whereas the early translators entirely misunderstood the passage, though they have given the meaning correctly enough at 2 Samuel 23:23. But if this was the relation in which David stood to Saul, - and he had really done so for a long time, - there was nothing wrong in what the high priest had done for him; but he had acted according to the best of his knowledge, and quite conscientiously as a faithful subject of the king. Ahimelech then added still further (1 Samuel 22:15): "Did I then begin to inquire of God for him this day?" i.e., was it the first time that I had obtained the decision of God for David concerning important enterprises, which he had to carry out in the service of the king? "Far be from me," sc., any conspiracy against the king, like that of which I am accused. "Let not the king lay it as a burden upon thy servant, my whole father's house (the omission of the cop. ו before בּכל־כּית may be accounted for from the excitement of the speaker); for thy servant knows not the least of all this." בּכל־זאת, of all that Saul had charged him with.

1 Samuel 22:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Doeg

1 Samuel 22:9 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob...

he fell

2 Chronicles 24:21 And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the LORD.

Hosea 5:11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

Hosea 7:3 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.

Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and you walk in their counsels...

Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her are roaring lions; her judges are evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.

Acts 26:10,11 Which thing I also did in Jerusalem: and many of the saints did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests...

fourscore. The LXX. read, (), `three hundred and eighty-five men.' Probably the eighty five were priests and the three hundred the families of the priests; three hundred and eighty-five being the whole population of Nob.

1 Samuel 2:30-33,36 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and the house of your father, should walk before me for ever...

1 Samuel 3:12-14 In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end...

a linen ephod

1 Samuel 2:28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer on my altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me?...

Exodus 28:40 And for Aaron's sons you shall make coats, and you shall make for them girdles, and bonnets shall you make for them...

Cross References
1 Samuel 2:18
Samuel was ministering before the LORD, a boy clothed with a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 2:31
Behold, the days are coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of your father's house, so that there will not be an old man in your house.

Psalm 78:64
Their priests fell by the sword, and their widows made no lamentation.

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