1 Samuel 17:40
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then he took his staff in his hand and chose five smooth stones from the brook and put them in his shepherd’s pouch. His sling was in his hand, and he approached the Philistine.

King James Bible
And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.

American Standard Version
And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he took his staff, which he had always in his hands: and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them into the shepherd's scrip, which he had with him, and he took a sling in his hand, and went forth against the Philistine.

English Revised Version
And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand; and he drew near to the Philistine.

1 Samuel 17:40 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To Saul's objection that he, a mere youth, could not fight with this Philistine, a man of war from his youth up, David replied, that as a shepherd he had taken a sheep out of the jaws of a lion and a bear, and had also slain them both. The article before ארי and דּוב points out these animals as the well-known beasts of prey. By the expression ואת־הדּוב the bear is subordinated to the lion, or rather placed afterwards, as something which came in addition to it; so that את is to be taken as a nota accus. (vid., Ewald, 277, a), though it is not to be understood as implying that the lion and the bear went together in search of prey. The subordination or addition is merely a logical one: not only the lion, but also the bear, which seized the sheep, did David slay. זה, which we find in most of the editions since the time of Jac. Chayim, 1525, is an error in writing, or more correctly in hearing, for שׂה, a sheep. "And I went out after it; and when it rose up against me, I seized it by its beard, and smote it, and killed it." זקן, beard and chin, signifies the bearded chin. Thenius proposes, though without any necessity, to alter בּזקנו into בּגרונו, for the simple but weak reason, that neither lions nor bears have any actual beard. We have only to think, for example, of the λῖς ἠυγένειος in Homer (Il. xv. 275, xvii. 109), or the barbam vellere mortuo leoni of Martial (x. 9). Even in modern times we read of lions having been killed by Arabs with a stick (see Rosenmller, Bibl. Althk. iv. 2, pp. 132-3). The constant use of the singular suffix is sufficient to show, that when David speaks of the lion and the bear, he connects together two different events, which took place at different times, and then proceeds to state how he smote both the one and the other of the two beasts of prey.

1 Samuel 17:40 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

staff

Judges 3:31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad...

Judges 7:16-20 And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers...

Judges 15:15,16 And he found a new jawbone of an donkey, and put forth his hand, and took it, and slew a thousand men therewith...

Judges 20:16 Among all this people there were seven hundred chosen men left handed; every one could sling stones at an hair breadth, and not miss.

1 Corinthians 1:27-29 But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise...

brook. or, valley
bag. [heb] vessel

Matthew 10:10 Nor money for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.

Cross References
Matthew 10:10
no bag for your journey, or two tunics or sandals or a staff, for the laborer deserves his food.

Judges 20:16
Among all these were 700 chosen men who were left-handed; every one could sling a stone at a hair and not miss.

1 Samuel 17:39
and David strapped his sword over his armor. And he tried in vain to go, for he had not tested them. Then David said to Saul, "I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them." So David put them off.

1 Samuel 17:41
And the Philistine moved forward and came near to David, with his shield-bearer in front of him.

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Approached Bag Bed Brook Chooseth Chose Direction Draweth Drew Habiliments Hand Nigh Philistine Pouch Putteth Scrip Sending Shepherds Shepherd's Sling Smooth Staff Stick Stones Stream Used Wallet
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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