1 John 2:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever says he is in the light and hates his brother is still in darkness.

King James Bible
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

American Standard Version
He that saith he is in the light and hateth his brother, is in the darkness even until now.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

English Revised Version
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in the darkness even until now.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.

Weymouth New Testament
Any one who professes to be in the light and yet hates his brother man is still in darkness.

1 John 2:9 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Hateth (μισῶν)

The sharp issue is maintained here as in Christ's words, "He that is not with me is against me" (Luke 11:23). Men fall into two classes, those who are in fellowship with God, and therefore walk in light and love, and those who are not in fellowship with God, and therefore walk in darkness and hatred. "A direct opposition," says Bengel; where love is not, there is hatred. "The heart is not empty." See John 3:20; John 7:7; John 15:18 sqq.; John 17:14. The word hate is opposed both to the love of natural affection (φιλεῖν), and to the more discriminating sentiment - love founded on a just estimate (ἀγαπᾶν). For the former see John 12:25; John 15:18, John 15:19; compare Luke 14:26. For the latter, 1 John 3:14, 1 John 3:15; 1 John 4:20, Matthew 5:43; Matthew 6:24; Ephesians 5:28, Ephesians 5:29. "In the former case, hatred, which may become a moral duty, involves the subjection of an instinct. In the latter case it expresses a general determination of character" (Westcott).

His brother (τὸν ἀδελφόν)

His fellow-Christian. The singular, brother, is characteristic of this Epistle. See 1 John 2:10, 1 John 2:11; 1 John 3:10, 1 John 3:15, 1 John 3:17; 1 John 4:20, 1 John 4:21; 1 John 5:16. Christians are called in the New Testament, Christians (Acts 11:26; Acts 26:28; 1 Peter 4:16), mainly by those outside of the Christian circle. Disciples, applied to all followers of Christ (John 2:11; John 6:61) and strictly to the twelve (John 13:5 sqq.). In Acts 19:1, to those who had received only John's baptism. Not found in John's Epistles nor in Revelation. Brethren. The first title given to the body of believers after the Ascension (Acts 1:15, where the true reading is ἀδελφῶν brethren, for μαθητῶν disciples). See Acts 9:30; Acts 10:23; Acts 11:29; 1 Thessalonians 4:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:26; 1 John 3:14; 3 John 1:5, 3 John 1:10; John 21:23. Peter has ἡ ἀδελφότης the brotherhood (1 Peter 2:17; 1 Peter 5:9). The believers. Under three forms: The believers (οἱ πιστοί; Acts 10:45; 1 Timothy 4:12); they that believe (οἱ πιστεύοντες; 1 Peter 2:7; 1 Thessalonians 1:7; Ephesians 1:19); they that believed (οἱ πιστεύσαντες; Acts 2:44; Acts 4:32; Hebrews 4:3). The saints (οἱ ἅγιοι); characteristic of Paul and Revelation. Four times in the Acts (Acts 9:13, Acts 9:32, Acts 9:41; Acts 26:10), and once in Jude (Jde 1:3). Also Hebrews 6:10; Hebrews 13:24. In Paul, 1 Corinthians 6:1; 1 Corinthians 14:33; Ephesians 1:1, Ephesians 1:15, etc. In Revelation 5:8; Revelation 8:3, Revelation 8:4; Revelation 11:18, etc.

Until now (ἕως ἄρτι)

Though the light has been increasing, and though he may claim that he has been in the light from the first. The phrase occurs in John 2:10; John 5:17; John 16:24; and is used by Paul, 1 Corinthians 4:13; 1 Corinthians 8:7; 1 Corinthians 15:6.

1 John 2:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that saith. See on ver.

1 John 2:4 He that said, I know him, and keeps not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

he is.

1 John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:

John 9:41 Jesus said to them, If you were blind, you should have no sin: but now you say, We see; therefore your sin remains.

Romans 2:18-21 And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law...

and hateth.

1 John 3:13-17 Marvel not, my brothers, if the world hate you...

is in.

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes...

Psalm 82:5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

1 Corinthians 13:1-3 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal...

2 Peter 1:9 But he that lacks these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and has forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

Cross References
Leviticus 19:17
"You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but you shall reason frankly with your neighbor, lest you incur sin because of him.

2 Samuel 13:22
But Absalom spoke to Amnon neither good nor bad, for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had violated his sister Tamar.

Acts 1:15
In those days Peter stood up among the brothers (the company of persons was in all about 120) and said,

1 John 2:11
But whoever hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes.

1 John 3:10
By this it is evident who are the children of God, and who are the children of the devil: whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother.

1 John 3:15
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

1 John 3:16
By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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