1 Chronicles 6:36
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
son of Elkanah, son of Joel, son of Azariah, son of Zephaniah,

King James Bible
The son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,

American Standard Version
the son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,

Douay-Rheims Bible
The son of Elcana, the son of Johel, the son of Azarias, the son of Sophonias,

English Revised Version
the son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah;

Webster's Bible Translation
The son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,

1 Chronicles 6:36 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(1 Chronicles 6:10-15). "And the sons of Elkanah, Amasai and Ahimoth." As it is clear that with אלק וּבני אל a new list begins, and that the preceding enumeration is that of the descendants of Abiasaph, it is at once suggested that this Elkanah was the brother of the Abiasaph mentioned in 1 Chronicles 6:15. If, however, we compare the genealogy of Heman, we find there (1 Chronicles 6:36 and 1 Chronicles 6:35) a list of the descendants of Joel in an ascending line, thus, - Elkanah, Amasai, Mahath, Elkanah, Zuph; from which it would seem to follow that our Elkanah is the son of Moel mentioned in 1 Chronicles 6:36, for Ahimoth may be without difficulty considered to be another form of the name Mahath. This conclusion would be assured if only the beginning of 1 Chronicles 6:26 were in harmony with it. In this verse, indeed, בּנו אלקנה, as we read in the Kethibh, may be without difficulty taken to mean that Elkanah was the son of Ahimoth, just as in 1 Chronicles 6:20 Elkanah is introduced as son of Mahath. But in this way no meaning can be assigned to the אלקנה which follows בני, and Bertheau accordingly is of opinion that this אלקנה has come into the text by an error. The Masoretes also felt the difficulty, and have substituted for the Kethibh בנו the Keri בּני, but then nothing can be made of the first אלקנה in 1 Chronicles 6:26. Beyond doubt the traditional text is here corrupt, and from a comparison of 1 Chronicles 6:35 and 1 Chronicles 6:34 the only conclusion we can draw with any certainty is that the list from צופי onwards contains the names of descendants of Elkanah the son of Mahath, which is so far favourable to the Keri אלקנה בּני. The name Elkanah, on the contrary, which immediately precedes בנו, seems to point to a hiatus in the text, and gives room for the conjecture that in 1 Chronicles 6:10 the sons of Elkanah, the brother of Abiasaph and Assir, were named, and that there followed thereupon an enumeration of the sons or descendants of the Elkanah whom we meet with in 1 Chronicles 6:36 as son of Joel, after which came the names Elkanah בּנו, Zophai בּנו, etc. נחת and אליאב we consider to be other forms of תּוח and אליאל, 1 Chronicles 6:34, and צופי is only another form of צוּף. The succeeding names, Jeroham and Elkanah (1 Chronicles 6:27), agree with those in 1 Chronicles 6:34; but between the clauses "Elkanah his son" (1 Chronicles 6:27), and "and the sons of Samuel" (1 Chronicles 6:28), the connecting link בּנו שׁמוּאל, cf. 1 Chronicles 6:33, is again wanting, as is also, before or after הבּכר (1 Chronicles 6:28), the name of the first-born, viz., Joel; cf. 1 Chronicles 6:33 with 1 Samuel 8:2. Now, although the two last-mentioned omissions can be supplied, they yet show that the enumeration in 1 Chronicles 6:22 is not a continuous list of one Kohathite family, but contains only fragments of several Kohathite genealogies. - In 1 Chronicles 6:29 and 1 Chronicles 6:30, descendants of Merari follow; sons of Mahli in six generations, who are not mentioned elsewhere. Bertheau compares this list of names, Mahli, Libni, Shimei, Uzza, Shimea, Haggiah, and Asaiah, with the list contained in 1 Chronicles 6:44, Mushi, Mahli, Shamer, Bani, Amzi, Hilkiah, and Amaziah, and attempts to maintain, notwithstanding the great difference in the names, that the two lists were originally identical, in order to find support for the hypothesis "that the three lists in 1 Chronicles 6:20 have not found a place in the Chronicle from their own intrinsic value, or, in other words, have not been introduced there in order to give a register of the ancestors of Jeaterai, the sons of Samuel and Asaiah, but have been received only because they bring us to Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, 1 Chronicles 6:34, 1 Chronicles 6:39, 1 Chronicles 6:44, in another fashion than the lists of names in 1 Chronicles 6:33." But this hypothesis is shown to be false, apart altogether from the other objections which might be raised against it, by the single fact of the total discrepancy between the names of the Merarites in 1 Chronicles 6:29 and 1 Chronicles 6:30 and those found in 1 Chronicles 6:44-47. Of all the six names only Mahli is found in both cases, and he is carefully distinguished in both - in the genealogy of Ethan as the son of Mushi and grandson of Merari; in our list as the son of Merari. When we remember that Merari had two sons, Mahli and Mushi, after whom the father's-houses into which his descendants divided themselves were named (Numbers 3:20; Numbers 26:58), and that the same names very frequently occur in different families, it would never suggest itself to any reader of our register to identify the line of Mushi with the line of Mahli, seeing that, except the name of Mahli the son of Mushi, which is the same as that of his uncle, all the other names are different. 1 Chronicles 6:29 and 1 Chronicles 6:30 contain a register of the family of Mahli, while the ancestors of Ethan, 1 Chronicles 6:44-47, belonged to the family of Mushi. Our list then absolutely cannot be intended to form a transition to Ethan or Ethan's ancestors. The same may be said of the two other lists 1 Chronicles 6:20-22 and 1 Chronicles 6:23-28, and this transition hypothesis is consequently a mere airspun fancy. The three lists are certainly not embodied in the Chronicle on account of the persons with whose names they end-Jeaterai, the sons of Samuel, and Asaiah; but the author of the Chronicle has thought them worthy of being received into his work as registers of ancient families of the three sons of Levi which had been transmitted from ancient times.

1 Chronicles 6:36 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joel.

1 Chronicles 6:24 Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son.

Shaul.

1 Chronicles 6:28 And the sons of Samuel; the firstborn Vashni, and Abiah.

Azariah. i.e., whom Jehovah aids; Jah has helped

1 Chronicles 2:8,38,39 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah...

1 Chronicles 3:12 Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,

1 Chronicles 6:9,10,11,13,14,36 And Ahimaaz begat Azariah, and Azariah begat Johanan...

1 Chronicles 9:11 And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub...

2 Chronicles 21:2 And he had brothers the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah...

2 Chronicles 23:1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham...

Ezra 7:1,3 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah...

Nehemiah 3:23,24 After him repaired Benjamin and Hashub over against their house...

Nehemiah 7:7 Who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai...

Nehemiah 8:7 Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah...

Nehemiah 10:2 Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah,

Nehemiah 12:33 And Azariah, Ezra, and Meshullam,

Jeremiah 43:2 Then spoke Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the proud men, saying to Jeremiah, You speak falsely...

Daniel 1:6,7,11,19 Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah...

1 Kings 4:2 And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,

1 Kings 4:5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

2 Kings 15:6,8 And the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah...

2 Chronicles 15:1 And the Spirit of God came on Azariah the son of Oded:

2 Chronicles 21:2 And he had brothers the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah...

2 Chronicles 22:6 And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria...

2 Chronicles 23:1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham...

2 Chronicles 26:17,20 And Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him fourscore priests of the LORD, that were valiant men...

2 Chronicles 28:12 Then certain of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth...

2 Chronicles 29:12 Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites: and of the sons of Merari...

2 Chronicles 31:10,13 And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, and said...

(1) A man of Judah, family of Zerah, house of Ethan,

1 Chronicles 2:8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah.

.
(2) A Levite, family of Kohath, line of Izhar, and an ancestor of Samuel the prohpet and Heman the singer,

1 Chronicles 6:36 The son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,

; perhaps

2 Chronicles 29:12 Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites: and of the sons of Merari...

.

(3) One of Solomon's officials, son of the high priest Zadok, and brother of Ahimaaz,

1 Kings 4:2 And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,

.

(4) Grandson of Zadok and son of Ahimaaz, in the line of high-priestly succession,

1 Chronicles 6:9 And Ahimaaz begat Azariah, and Azariah begat Johanan,

.

(5) Son of Nathan, and hence probably Solomon's nephew (2 Sa

1 Chronicles 5:14 These are the children of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai...

), who was over Solomon's twelve tax-collectors,

1 Kings 4:5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

.

(6) A prophet, son of Obed, who encouraged king Asa to persevere in national religious reformation.

2 Chronicles 15:1-8 And the Spirit of God came on Azariah the son of Oded...

(7) Two sons of king Jehoshaphat,

2 Chronicles 21:2 And he had brothers the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah...

. The recurrence of the same name in the family is surprising. It may be due to an early corruption of the text; or, if the text is correct, to a difference of mother, the two boys being half-brothers (Compare the Herods). It cannot be explained by the theory that the younger was named after a deceased elder brother, for the two seem to have been alive together and to have been put to death at the same time (Davis).

(8) A man of Judah, family of Hezron, house of Jerahmeel,

1 Chronicles 2:38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah,

,

1 Chronicles 2:39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah,

. His grandfather was Obed (1 Ch

1 Chronicles 2:38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah,

); hence he was perhaps the captain Azariah, son of Obed, who assisted in overthrowing Athaliah and placing Joash on the throne,

2 Chronicles 23:1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham...

.

(9) Another captain, son of Jeroham, who aided in overthrowing Athaliah,

2 Chronicles 23:1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham...

.

(10) A prince of Ephraim, son of Johanan, who aided in persuading the soldiers of Pekah's army to release the captives of Judah,

2 Chronicles 28:12 Then certain of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth...

.

(11) A king of Judah, called also Uzziah (B.C.

811-759),

2 Chronicles 22:6 And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria...

;

2 Chronicles 23:1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham...

.

2 Kings 14:21 And all the people of Judah took Azariah, which was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah.

2 Kings 15:1 In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.

*Compare with

2 Chronicles 26:1 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah.

(12) A high priest,

1 Chronicles 6:10 And Johanan begat Azariah, (he it is that executed the priest's office in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem:)

; probably he who rebuked Uzziah for encroaching on the priest's office.

2 Chronicles 26:17-20 And Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him fourscore priests of the LORD, that were valiant men...

(13) A high priest during Hezekiah's reign, possibly the same as (12),

2 Chronicles 31:10 And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, and said...

,

2 Chronicles 31:13 And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel...

.

(14) A Levite, family of Merari, who assisted in purifying the temple in Hezekiah's reign,

2 Chronicles 29:12 Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites: and of the sons of Merari...

.

(15) A high priest, son of Hilkiah and father of Seraiah, not long before the exile,

1 Chronicles 6:13 And Shallum begat Hilkiah, and Hilkiah begat Azariah,

,

1 Chronicles 6:14 And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak,

; perphaps

1 Chronicles 9:11 And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub...

.

(16) A son of Hoshaiah and an opponent of the prophet Jeremiah.

Jeremiah 43:2 Then spoke Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the proud men, saying to Jeremiah, You speak falsely...

(17) The Hebrew and original name of Abednego,

Daniel 1:7 To whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave to Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach...

.
(18) Grandfather of Ezra,

Ezra 7:1 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,

.
(19) A prominent person, probably prince of Judah, who marched in the procession at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem.

Nehemiah 12:32,33 And after them went Hoshaiah, and half of the princes of Judah...

(20) A son of Maaseiah, who had a house at Jerusalem in Nehemiah's time, and repaired the wall in its immediate vicinity.

Nehemiah 3:23,24 After him repaired Benjamin and Hashub over against their house...

(21) A priest, doubtless head of a father's house, who in the days of Nehemiah sealed the covenant to keep separate from foreigners and observe the law of God,

Nehemiah 10:2 Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah,

.

(22) A descendant of Hilkiah who was ruler of the house of God after the exile,

1 Chronicles 9:11 And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub...

; see however, Seraiah.

Nehemiah 11:11 Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub...

(23) A king of Israel (not Uzziah), called Azariah in which is given in the next verse,

2 Chronicles 22:6 And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria...

,

2 Chronicles 22:7 And the destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for when he was come...

;

2 Chronicles 22:7 And the destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for when he was come...

*compare

2 Kings 8:29 And king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah...

*(adapted from Davis Dictionary of the Bible, pp:

66,

67

Zephaniah.

Zephaniah 1:1 The word of the LORD which came to Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah...

While it is sufficiently evident that many of the variations of the names of persons have arisen from the carelessness of transcribers, or the inattention of translators, and others from a difference (probably dialectical) in the pronunciation (

Judges 12:6 Then said they to him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him...

;

2 Kings 8:21 So Joram went over to Zair, and all the chariots with him: and he rose by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him about...

); it is also evident, that the same persons, as in these instances, must have had two or more totally distinct names.

Shaul, Uzziah, Uriel. ver.

1 Chronicles 6:24 Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son.

.

Cross References
1 Chronicles 6:35
son of Zuph, son of Elkanah, son of Mahath, son of Amasai,

1 Chronicles 6:37
son of Tahath, son of Assir, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah,

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