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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

go'-lan (golan), (Gaulanitis): Golan was a city in the territory allotted to Manasseh in Bashan, the most northerly of the three cities of refuge East of the Jordan (Deuteronomy 4:43 Joshua 20:8); assigned with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 21:27 1 Chronicles 6:71). It must have been a great and important city in its day; but the site cannot now be determined with any certainty. It was known to Josephus (Ant., XIII, xv, 3). Near Golan Alexander was ambushed by Obodas, king of the Arabians; and his army, crowded together in a narrow and deep valley, was broken in pieces by the multitude of camels (BJ, I, iv, 4). This incident is located at Gadara in Ant, XIII, xiii, 5. Later, Golan was destroyed by Alexander. It had already given its name to a large district, Gaulonitis (BJ, III, iii, 1, 5; IV, i, 1). It formed the eastern boundary of Galilee. It was part of the tetrarchy of Philip (Ant., XVII, viii, 1; XVIII, iv, 6). The city was known to Eusebius as "a large village," giving its name to the surrounding country (Onomasticon, under the word Gaulon). This country must have corresponded roughly with the modern Jaulan, in which the ancient name is preserved. The boundaries of the province today are Mt. Hermon on the North, Jordan and the Sea of Galilee on the West, Wady Yarmuk on the South, and Nahr `Allan on the East. This plateau, which in the North is about 3,000 ft. high, slopes gradually southward to a height of about 1,000 ft. It is entirely volcanic, and there are many cone-like peaks of extinct volcanoes, especially toward the North It affords good pasturage, and has long been a favorite summer grazing-ground of the nomads. Traces of ancient forests remain, but for the most part today it is treeless. To the East of the Sea of Galilee the soil is deep and rich. Splendid crops of wheat are grown here, and olives flourish in the hollows. The country is furrowed by deep valleys that carry the water southwestward into the Sea of Galilee. This region has not yet been subjected to thorough examination, but many important ruins have been found, which tell of a plentiful and prosperous population in times long past. The best description of these, and of the region generally, will be found in Schumacher's The Jaulan, and Across the Jordan. To him also we owe the excellent maps which carry us eastward to the province of el-Chauran.

Schumacher inclines to the belief that the ancient Golan may be represented by Sahm el-Jaulan, a large village fully 4 miles East of Nahr `Allan, and 4 miles Southeast of Tsil. The extensive ruins probably date from early in the Christian era. The buildings are of stone, many of them of Spacious dimensions, while the streets are wide and straight. The inhabitants number not more than 280. The surrounding soil is rich and well watered, bearing excellent crops. The present writer, after personal examination, corroborates Dr. Schumacher's description. Standing in the open country, it would be seen from afar; and it was easily accessible from all directions.

W. Ewing





... the credit of Josephus: "Philip (saith he) built Caesarea in Paneas [mark that]:
and Julias [which before-time was Bethsaida] in Nether Gaulonitis." But now ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 93 julias-bethsaida.htm

Perea. Beyond Jordan.
... them. Golan was the chief city of this country, Joshua 20:8. Whence is
Gaulonitis, and that "Upper and Nether Gaulonitis.". In the ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 91 perea beyond jordan.htm

Book 18 Footnotes
... calls him a Gaulonite, of the city of Gamala; it is a great question where this
Judas was born, whether in Galilee on the west side, or in Gaulonitis on the ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 18 footnotes.htm

The Calamities and Slaughters that came Upon the Jews.
... cities, Philadelphia, and Sebonitis, and Gerasa, and Pella, and Scythopolis, and
after them Gadara, and Hippos; and falling upon Gaulonitis, some cities they ...
/.../chapter 18 the calamities and.htm

The Death of Salome. The Cities which Herod and Philip Built. ...
... and the latter of them built the city Cesarea, at the fountains of Jordan, and in
the region of Paneas; as also the city Julias, in the lower Gaulonitis. ...
/.../chapter 9 the death of.htm

How Antiochus, who was Called Dionysus, and after Him Aretas Made ...
... to Idumea, Adorn, and Marissa; near the country of Samaria, Mount Carmel, and Mount
Tabor, Scythopolis, and Gadara; of the country of Gaulonitis, Seleucia and ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 15 how antiochus who.htm

Concerning Herod's Death, and Testament, and Burial.
... He also gave Gaulonitis, and Trachonitis, and Paneas to Philip, who was his son,
but own brother to Archclaus [10] by the name of a tetrarchy; and bequeathed ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 8 concerning herods death.htm

A Description Op Galilee, Samaria, and Judea.
... and after them came Jamnia and Joppa, as presiding over the neighboring people;
and besides these there was the region of Gamala, and Gaulonitis, and Batanea ...
/.../chapter 3 a description op.htm

Cestius Sends Ambassadors to Nero. The People of Damascus Slay ...
... to the places of Upper Galilee, as well as to the rock called the Rock of the Achabari,
and to Seph, and Jamnith, and Meroth; and in Gaulonitis he fortified ...
/.../chapter 9 cestius sends ambassadors.htm

The Time of his Appearance among Men.
... But in the present section Josephus gives the fullest and most accurate account
of him. Gaulonitis lay east of the Jordan, opposite Galilee. ...
/...// history/chapter v the time of his.htm

... GOLAN; GAULONITIS. ... It had already given its name to a large district, Gaulonitis
(BJ, III, iii, 1, 5; IV, i, 1). It formed the eastern boundary of Galilee. ...
/g/gaulonitis.htm - 9k

Bethsaida (7 Occurrences)
... It stood within the region of Gaulonitis, and was enlarged by Philip the tetrarch,
who called it "Julias," after the emperor's daughter. ...
/b/bethsaida.htm - 19k

Golan (4 Occurrences)
... GOLAN; GAULONITIS. ... It had already given its name to a large district, Gaulonitis
(BJ, III, iii, 1, 5; IV, i, 1). It formed the eastern boundary of Galilee. ...
/g/golan.htm - 11k


/g/gauls.htm - 7k


/g/gaulanitis.htm - 6k

Bashan (54 Occurrences)
... After the Exile, Bashan was divided into four districts,. (1.) Gaulonitis, or Jaulan,
the most western; (2.) Auranitis, the Hauran (Ezek. 47:16); ...
/b/bashan.htm - 32k

Palestine (1 Occurrence)
... into these districts, (1) Peraea proper, lying between the rivers Arnon and Jabbok;
(2) Galaaditis (Gilead); (3) Batanaea; (4) Gaulonitis (Jaulan); (5) Ituraea ...
/p/palestine.htm - 89k

Herod (45 Occurrences)
... governing Judea, Samaria and Idumaea; Antipas was appointed "tetrarch" of Galilee
and Peraea; Philip, "tetrarch" of Trachonitis, Gaulonitis and Paneas. ...
/h/herod.htm - 57k

Galilee (73 Occurrences)
... It was bounded on the East by Hippene, Gadara, Gaulonitis and the borders of the
kingdom of Agrippa, while the northern frontier was marked by Tyre and the ...
/g/galilee.htm - 67k



Related Terms

Bethsaida (7 Occurrences)

Golan (4 Occurrences)



Bashan (54 Occurrences)

Palestine (1 Occurrence)

Herod (45 Occurrences)

Galilee (73 Occurrences)

Judas (42 Occurrences)

Jesus (10891 Occurrences)

Christ (573 Occurrences)

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