He that wastes his father, and chases away his mother, is a son that causes shame, and brings reproach.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Proverbs 19:26. He that wasteth his father — That is, his father’s estate, by unjust or riotous courses; and chaseth away his mother — Causes her to avoid and abhor his presence and society, and to go from the house where he is; is a son that causeth shame — Both to himself, and to his parents and family. But this verse ought rather to be rendered, A son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach, wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother; that is, as some interpret it, he gives them as much concern as if he were to waste his father’s substance, and turn his mother out of doors.Wasteth his father, i.e. his father’s estate, by unjust or riotous courses.
Chaseth away his mother; causeth her to avoid and abhor his presence and society, and to go from the house where he is. Bringeth reproach; both to himself, and to his parents and family. But this verse may very well be rendered otherwise, the last words being made the subjects of the proposition, as is usual in Scripture;
A son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach, ( upon himself and his friends by wicked ways,) wasteth his father’s (estate, and health, and comfort) and chaseth or driveth away his mother. These are the effects of his wickedness.
and chaseth away his mother: alienates her affections from him, who once had too great a fondness for him; causes her to quit her house, not being able to bear the sight of him and of his actions:
is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach; causes shame to his parents, as well as to himself; and a reproach upon them, as well as on his own character. It may be read thus,
"a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach, wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother (y).''He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)26. wasteth] Rather, violently entreateth, R.V. marg.Verse 26-ch. 22:16. - Fourth section of this collection. Verse 26. - He that wasteth his father. The verb shadad, used here and in Proverbs 24:15, may be taken in the sense of "to spoil," "to deprive of property;" but it is better to adopt a more general application, and to assign to it the meaning of "to maltreat," whether in person or property. Chaseth away his mother; by his shameless and evil life makes it impossible for her to continue under the same roof with him; or, it may be, so dissipates his parents' means that they are driven from their home. A son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach (comp. Proverbs 10:5; Proverbs 13:5; Proverbs 17:2).
That thou mayest become wise afterwards.
The rule of morals, Proverbs 12:15, receives here the paraenetic tone which is the keynote of the introduction chap. 1-9. Lwenstein translates: that thou mayest finally become wise. But בּאחריתך corresponds rather to our "hinfort" [posthac] than to "endlich" [finally]. He to whom the warning is directed must break with the self-willed, undisciplined ראשׁית beginning of his life, and for the future (τὸν ἐπίλοιπον ἐν σαρκὶ χρόνον, 1 Peter 4:2) become wise. The relative contrast between the two periods of life is the same as at Job 8:7.
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