He that answers a matter before he hears it, it is folly and shame to him.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)He that answereth a matter before he heareth it . . .—Comp. Ecclesiasticus 11:8.Proverbs 18:13. He that answereth a matter before he beareth it — Before he hath fully heard and considered what another is speaking about it; it is folly and shame unto him — It is a shameful folly, though he seek the reputation of a wise man by it; as if he could readily and thoroughly understand all that another can say before he has uttered it.Before he heareth it; before he hath fully heard and considered what another is speaking about it.
It is folly and shame; it is a shameful folly, though he seek the reputation of a wise man by it, as if he could readily and thoroughly understand all that another cart say before he hath uttered it.
it is folly and shame unto him; his answer must be a foolish one, and bring shame and confusion upon him; men should be "swift to hear", and "slow to speak", James 1:9.He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)13. answereth a matter] Rather, giveth answer, R.V. “Heb. returneth a word,” A.V. marg. Compare:
“Answer not before thou hast heard;
And interrupt not in the midst of speech.”—Sir 11:8.Verse 13. - He that answereth a matter, etc. Thus Ecclus. 11:8, "Answer not before thou hast heard the, cause; neither interrupt men in the midst of their talk." A reminiscence of the passage occurs in the Talmud ('Aboth.' 5. 10), "I weighed all things in the balance, and found nothing lighter than meal; lighter than meal is the betrothed man who dwells in the house of his intended father-in-law; lighter than he is a guest who introduces a friend; and lighter than he is the man who answers before he has heard the other's speech" (Dukes, p. 72, § 21). So Menander -
Ὁ προκαταγιγνώσκων δὲ πρὶν ἀκοῦσαι σαφῶς
Αὐτὸς πονηρός ἐστι πιστεύσας κακῶς. Seneca, 'Medea,' 199 -
"Qui statuit aliquid, parte inaudita altera,
AEquum licet statuerit, haud aequus erit."
And his lips are a snare to his soul.
As Proverbs 18:6 corresponds to Proverbs 17:27 of the foregoing group, so this Proverbs 18:7 corresponds to Proverbs 17:28. Regarding מחתּה־לּו, vid., Proverbs 13:3. Instead of פי כּסיל, is to be written פּי־כסיל, according to Torath Emeth, p. 40, Cod. 1294, and old editions.
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