People's New Testament
Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
2:1 To Be a Workman Approved of God
SUMMARY OF II TIMOTHY 2:
Training Other Evangelists. Warring As a Good Soldier. Suffering with Christ. Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth. Purity of Life.
Thou therefore, my son. Since his son, Timothy, should follow his example, and seek to
Be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. Be strong through the grace of Christ.
And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.
2:2 And the things that thou hast heard of me. The instruction that I gave thee for preaching Christ.
Among many witnesses. This probably refers to Timothy hearing Paul teach these things before many congregations.
The same commit thou to faithful men. Do thou impart to other men, faithful, trustworthy men, in order that they may
be able to teach others also. As Paul prepared Timothy to preach the gospel, so he is to prepare other men.
Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
2:3 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. Timothy was a soldier of the cross. It is the part of a soldier to suffer as well as to fight.
No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
2:4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life. The soldier to do good service must devote himself entirely to the soldier's life, giving up worldly affairs. So the soldier, like Timothy, engaged as a minister, should have no other business.
And if a man also strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
2:5 And if a man also striveth for masteries. In the various athletic games of the Greeks.
Yet is he not crowned, except he strive lawfully. Unless he complies with the regulations, no prize will be assigned to him in any contest. So one, striving for the Christian crown, must seek to please the Master.
The husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits.
2:6 The husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits. The farmer has the first right to the fruits. Three illustrations, that of the soldier, the athlete, and the farmer are here given (2Ti 2:4-6). They all bear on the life of Timothy.
All three must deny themselves and suffer, in order to receive the reward. The soldier denies himself the world; the athlete obeys rigid laws; the husbandman labors and waits for a reward. So you must be content to deny yourself, to suffer, and to wait for your reward.''
Consider what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding in all things.
2:7 Consider what I say. Reflect, and take in its meaning.
Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel:
2:8 Remember. This is spoken for encouragement in suffering.
That Jesus Christ of the seed of David. Even as the prophets had predicted that he should be.
Was raised from the dead. He suffered, died, but was not holden of death, and was exalted.
According to my gospel. The gospel I preach everywhere.
Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, even unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound.
2:9 In which I suffer trouble. For this gospel.
As an evil doer, even unto bonds. For it I am now a prisoner as an evil doer.
But the word of God is not bound. Its great preacher was, but the Word could not be. It was being preached abroad by thousands of tongues.
Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
2:10 Therefore I endure all things. Since the work goes on, I endure cheerfully.
For the elect's sake. All came upon him on account of his devotion to the church. He suffered that others, God's chosen ones, might obtain salvation.
It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also live with him:
2:11 It is a faithful saying. A true saying. Some think that these two verses, 2Ti 2:11,12, were part of an early hymn.
If we be dead with him. Rather, as in the Revised Version, Died with him. Compare Ro 6:4,5,8 Col 2:12. The reference is to death to the old life, and burial into the death of Christ at baptism.
If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us:
2:12 If we suffer, we shall also reign with him. We die in order to live. So our suffering with Christ worketh out for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory (2Co 4:17). Compare also Ro 8:17 Mt 19:27,28.
If we deny him, he also will deny us. See Mt 10:33.
If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself.
2:13 If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful. If we prove faithless, he will still be faithful to keep every promise he has made.
Of these things put them in remembrance, charging them before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers.
2:14 Put them in remembrance. Those to whom you minister.
Charging... that they strive not about words. We see proofs in both letters to Timothy that the idle speculations which did the church such damage a little later had already begun.
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
2:15 Study to shew thyself. To this end the utmost diligence must be used.
Approved unto God. Such a preacher that his work will please the Heavenly Father.
A workman that needeth not to be ashamed. Whose life and work are such as to honor Christ and the gospel. This requires a pure life as well as judicious work.
Rightly dividing the word of truth. The Revised Version reads, Handling aright. The Greek word orthotomeo means, literally, cutting straight. The thought, probably, is to present the truth clearly, truthfully, without blunders, and with an exactness which cannot be gainsaid.
But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.
2:16 But shun. Preach the truth. Shun foolish speculations.
And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;
2:17 And their word. The profane and vain babblings.
Will eat as doth a canker. Eat deeper and deeper, like a gangrene.
Of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus. Heretical teachers. See 1Ti 1:20.
Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
2:18 Who concerning the truth have erred. Their speculation is stated. They preached, as some do in our own times,
that the resurrection is past already. That the resurrection which Christ teaches is only a moral resurrection, a resurrection of the soul to a better life. This error was taught also in Corinth, 1Co 15:12, and found some currency in the second century.
Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
2:19 Nevertheless. Notwithstanding the faith of some is overthrown (2Ti 2:18).
The foundation of God standeth sure. It stands unshaken. His promises are sure.
Having this seal. On seals were often inscriptions, and the thought here is of the inscription. Upon this seal are two inscriptions.
The Lord knoweth them that are his. The first cheers with the assurance that the Lord knows his own, and will not forget them.
Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. The second shows who are his. The Lord knows his people, and his people obey him. Thus they may know that they are known of God.
But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour.
2:20 But in a great house, etc. As in a house there are vessels of honor and dishonor, gold and earthen, so in the house of God, the church, there are even some earthly materials.
If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work.
2:21 If a man therefore will cleanse himself from these. If a man wishes to be a noble vessel, of gold, for honorable uses in the Lord's house, let him cleanse himself from earthly lusts.
Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
2:22 Flee also youthful lusts. Hence, let youthful passions be controlled. Flee these, and
follow righteousness, etc. See PNT 1Ti 4:12.
But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes.
2:23 Foolish and unlearned questions avoid. Such unprofitable questions and speculations as the false teachers raise.
And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient,
2:24 The servant of the Lord must not strive. Hence, should not engage in these profitless discussions.
In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
2:25 In meekness instructing them that oppose themselves. Opposers must be corrected, but not rudely; rather gently, kindly, humbly.
If God peradventure will give them repentance. God gives repentance often by providences which lead to repentance.
And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
2:26 And that they may recover. They are in the snare of the devil, taken captive at will. The only hope is that in the providence of God they may recover themselves (the idea is, to return to soberness, Revised Version, margin), repent, and acknowledge the truth. Men are commanded to Repent, Mt 3:2 Ac 2:38, etc. but here God is alluded to as peradventure giving repentance. The meaning is made clear by comparing with Ac 11:18: Then hath God also the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. The meaning there is that God has granted to the Gentiles the privilege of repentance, even as unto the Jews. So Paul's idea here is that God, peradventure, may grant these, though sinning so grievously, opportunities for repentance, instead of delivering them over to hardness of heart.