So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulcher.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter.—This is simply the result of the greater activity of John, who was probably younger than his companion. The thought that love outran doubt or fear, which has often been connected with the words, is not in harmony with the context, for “Peter therefore went forth” as soon as he heard Mary’s words (John 20:3); and Peter it was who first entered into the sepulchre (John 20:6).Matthew 28.See Poole on "John 20:3"
and that other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre; John was a younger man than Peter, and so more nimble, and swift of foot, and got to the sepulchre before him; and besides, had not that concern of mind to retard him, Peter might have; as, supposing Christ was risen, and he should see him, how he should be able to look him in the face, whom he had so shamefully denied.So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)John 20:4. ἔτρεχον δὲ οἱ δύο ὁμοῦ, “and the two ran together”: equally eager; but ὁ ἄλλος μαθητὴς προέδραμε ταχίον τοῦ Πέτρου, “the other disciple ran on before more quickly than Peter”; probably John was the younger man. [Lampe suggests two other reasons: either Peter’s steps were slower “ob conscientiam culpae,” or “forte via Joanni magis nota erat”.] Consequently John ἦλθε πρῶτος … “came first to the tomb”.4. So they ran] More exactly, But they began to run.
did outrun] Literally, ran on more quickly than, as being much the younger man. Would a writer of the second century have thought of this in inventing a narrative?John 20:4. Προέδραμε, did run before) Here there may be sweetly observed the distinguishing characteristics of the two disciples: faith in Peter, and love in John.—τάχιον, more quickly) Greater speed was appropriate in John, the younger of the two; greater gravity (sedateness) was appropriate in Peter, the elder. Neither, in his movements, has regard to the other; the regard of both is directed to the thing itself.
Still the imperfect, they were running. How much the A.V. loses by its persistent ignoring of the force of this tense.
Did outrun (προέδραμε τάχιον)
Literally, ran on in front more quickly. Dante, addressing the spirit of John in Paradise says:
"O holy father, spirit who beholdest
What thou believedst so that thou o'ercamest,
Toward the sepulchre, more youthful feet."
"Paradise," xxiv., 124-126.
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