Thirty basins of gold, silver basins of a second sort four hundred and ten, and other vessels a thousand.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Basons of a second sort; the first or chief were of gold, and these of silver are called the second, or next to them of worth and use.
Other vessels a thousand: he speaks of vessels of a middle size; for great and small were five thousand four hundred, as it follows here. Or, as some render it,
other vessels by
thousands: they were not distinctly numbered according to their various forms and uses, but were promiscuously put together by thousands.
silver basins of a second sort four hundred and ten; perhaps lesser than the other, however not so valuable, being of silver; in the Apocrypha:"And this was the number of them; A thousand golden cups, and a thousand of silver, censers of silver twenty nine, vials of gold thirty, and of silver two thousand four hundred and ten, and a thousand other vessels.'' (1 Esdras 2:13)the number is 2410; and in the letter of Cyrus, before referred to, it is 2400:
and other vessels a thousand; which are not particularly mentioned; Junius and Tremellius render the words:Thirty basins of gold, silver basins of a second sort four hundred and ten, and other vessels a thousand.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)10. basons] R.V. bowls—i.e. vessels provided with covers or lids, almost our ‘tankards’. Lat. ‘scyphi’. The word occurs in 1 Chronicles 28:17 and Ezra 8:27.
of a second sort] The fact that they were silver distinguishes them from the golden bowls just mentioned and makes this expression seem superfluous. The versions were puzzled by it: LXX. renders ‘double’ διπλοῖ: Vulg. ‘second’ (‘secundi’). The words, as they stand, imply, that the silver bowls were secondary in quality or intended for inferior purposes. In all probability we have here some corruption in the text: see note on Ezra 1:11.Verse 10. - Of a second sort. Not "double," as the LXX. render; but "secondary," or "of inferior quality" (comp. 1 Samuel 15:9 where mishnim has the same meaning). Nehemiah 1:2.; Hagg. Ezr 2:3. These words stand first in an absolute sense, and וגו מכּל־מּקמות belongs to what follows: In all places where he (i.e., each man) sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with gold, etc. The men of his place are the non-Israelite inhabitants of the place. נשּׂא, to assist, like 1 Kings 9:1. רכוּשׁ specified, besides gold, silver, and cattle, means moveable, various kinds. עם־הנּדבה, with, besides the free-will offering, i.e., as well as the same, and is therefore supplied in Ezra 1:6 by על לבד. Free-will offerings for the temple might also be gold, silver, and vessels: comp. Ezra 8:28; Exodus 35:21.
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