2 Corinthians 10
Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary - Alford
Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
'Chap. 10:1-13:13.] Third Part of the Epistle. Defence of this apostolic dignity, and labours, and sufferings, against his adversaries: with announcement of his intended course towards them on his ensuing visit.

10:1-6.] He assures them of the spiritual nature, and power, of his apostolic office: and prays them not to make it necessary for him to use such authority against his traducers at his coming.

1.] δέ marks the transition to a new subject,—and αὐτός points on to the personal characteristics mentioned below, ‘Ego idem Paulus, qui …;’ the words ἐγὼ Παῦλος setting his Apostolic dignity in contrast with the depreciation which follows. Sometimes however we have αὐτός used, where the only object seems to be to bring out the personality more strongly: so 1Thessalonians 3:11; 1Thessalonians 4:16; 1Thessalonians 5:23; 2Thessalonians 2:16; 2Thessalonians 3:16. See also Romans 7:25: and ch. 12:13:—and such may be the case here:—but the ὅς rather favours the former interpretation.

διὰ τ. πρ. κ. ἐπ.] as in Romans 12:1, using the meekness and gentleness of Christ (Matthew 11:29, Matthew 11:30) as a motive whereby he conjures them. And most appropriately: he beseeches them by the gentleness of Christ, not to compel him to use towards them a method of treatment so alien from that gentleness: “Remember how gentle my Master was, and force not me His servant to be otherwise towards you.”

“πραΰτης, lenitas, virtus magis absoluta: ἐπιείκεια, æquitas, magis refertur ad alios,” Bengel. See many examples in Wetst.

ὃς κατὰ πρός.] Who in personal appearance indeed (am) mean among you (he appropriates concessively, but at the same time with some irony,—so Chrys. Hom. xxi. p. 583, κατʼ εἰρωνείαν φησί, τὰ ἐκείνων φθεγγόμενος,—the imputation by which his adversaries strove to lessen the weight of his letters.

κατὰ πρ. is not a Hebraism: Wetst. quotes several instances of its usage by Polybius), but when absent am bold (severe, outspoken in blame) towards yo

Henry Alford - Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

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