The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)The grace.—This is his “salutation.” The Greek secular salutation, at greeting and parting alike, was chaire (literally, rejoice); so St. Paul, alike at beginning and ending, uses a word of kindred origin, charis (“grace”). Observe the word “all” again, as in 2Thessalonians 3:16. St. Chrysostom’s beautiful comment may well be given: “What he calls his ‘salutation’ is the prayer, snowing that the whole business they were then about was spiritual; and even when he must give a salutation, there must go some benefit along with it, and it must be a prayer, not a mere symbol of friendship. ’Twas with this he would begin, and with this he would end, fencing round that which he said with mighty walls on either side; and safe were the foundations he laid, and safe the conclusion that he laid thereon. ‘Grace to you,’ he cries, ‘and peace’; and once more, [‘Peace always’ and] ‘the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.—Amen. ’”Romans 16:20.
From the subscription to this Epistle, it purports to have been "written from Athens." This is probably incorrect, as there is reason to think that it was written from Corinth. See the introduction. At all events, this subscription is of no authority. See the notes at the end of the Epistles to the Romans and 1 Corinthians.
Amen—omitted in the oldest manuscripts It was doubtless the response of the congregation after hearing the Epistle read publicly; hence it crept into copies.
The Subscription is spurious, as the Epistle was written not "from Athens," but from Corinth.See Poole on "2 Thessalonians 3:18" Romans 16:20 The subscription to this epistle is, "The Second Epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Athens"; though it seems rather to be written from Corinth. In the Syriac version it is said, The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)18. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all] This sealing Benediction is identical with that of 1 Thessalonians 5:20 (see note), and is repeated in Romans 16:20, and Revelation 22:21. Only the Apostle adds here, as in 2 Thessalonians 3:16 (see note), the “all” which is fitting where some had been objects of censure.
The Amen of the Received Text is absent in the oldest copies; comp. 1 Thessalonians 5:28.
On the subscription, see note in 1 Epistle, and Introd. p. 27.Verse 18. - The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.
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