Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying,
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)King of Judah.—By this significant expression accomplished facts receive at the outset the seal of Divine assent.
All Israel in Judah and Benjamin.—Kings, “all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and the remnant of the people;” where the second phrase seems to define the first, for the house of Judah and Benjamin was the remnant of Israel that continued loyal to David. In that case, the chronicler’s phrase is a mere abbreviation, denoting whatever of Israel was comprised in the two faithful tribes. (Comp. 2Chronicles 10:17.) But there may be a hint that Judah and Benjamin were the true Israel, and that the apostate North had forfeited its right to that honourable name. Others suppose a reference to members of Northern tribes dwelling in the territory of Judah and Benjamin. Syriac, “to Rehoboam . . . and to the house of Benjamin, and to all Israel, and to the remnant of the people.” LXX., “to all Judah and Benjamin” simply.2 Chronicles 11:3. Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon — Intimating that this was determined for the sin of Solomon, and therefore could not be reversed. But for all explanation of this paragraph, see notes on 1 Kings 12:21-24.
2Ch 11:1-17. Rehoboam, Raising an Army to Subdue Israel, Is Forbidden by Shemaiah.
1-4. Rehoboam … gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin … to fight against Israel—(See 1Ki 12:21-24).1 Kings 12:21. See Gill on 1 Kings 12:21. Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying,
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)3. to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin] The Chronicler does not hesitate to use the term “Israel” in speaking of Judah. Thus the princes of the Southern Kingdom are called “the princes of Israel” (2 Chronicles 12:6; 2 Chronicles 21:4), the populace as a whole is called “Israel” (2 Chronicles 12:1; 2 Chronicles 15:17), Jehoshaphat and Ahaz are each called “king of Israel” (2 Chronicles 21:2; 2 Chronicles 28:19), and the sepulchres of the kings at Jerusalem are called the “sepulchres of the kings of Israel” (2 Chronicles 28:27). (Cp. Driver, Joel, p. 9 note, for a similar use of the word.) Israel in Chron. then = the covenant-people. In Kings on the contrary Israel generally means the Northern Kingdom.Verse 3. - To all Israel in Judah and Benjamin. There is difference of opinion as to who are intended in the expression, "all Israel," already confessedly ambiguous in two other passages. When we consider the mention of Rehoboam personally in the former clause of the verse, it would seem most probable that the meaning is all the people of the nation, resident in the Judah and Benjamin allotments, i.e. the nation called collectively Israel. This will include "the remnant" spoken of in the parallel (1 Kings 12:23, compared with 17). 1 Kings 12:1-19; so that we may refer for the exposition of it to the commentary on 1 Kings 12, where we have both treated the contents of this chapter, and have also discussed the deeper and more latent causes of this event, so important in its consequences.
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