And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brothers, six hundred and ninety.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Of the sons of Zerah.—The Zarhites are omitted in the parallel passage of Nehemiah, where we read, instead of the present statement, that “all the sons of Perez that dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred threescore and eight valiant men.” The common source of both the narratives must have contained information about the Zarhites. as well as their brother clansmen, the Parzites and Shelanites. We see from the verse before us that the Zarhites were more numerous in Jerusalem than the Parzites. The chronicler has again exercised his own discretion in the choice and rejection of details.
Jeuel, and their brethren.—The plural pronoun clearly hints that Jeuel is a Zarhite father-house or clan. The passage of Nehemiah just cited shows that six hundred and ninety is the total of the Zarhites only. The number of the Parzites and Shelanites is not here specified.And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)6. Jeuel] In Nehemiah 11:5 the “sons of Zerah” are missing.
six hundred and ninety] Cp. Nehemiah 11:6 (four hundred threescore and eight sons of Perez).Verse 6. - No corresponding list whatever is found in Nehemiah, but in Nehemiah 11:24 mention is made of "Pethahiah the son of Meshezabeel, of the children of Zerah." Zeta was twin brother of Pharez (Genesis 38:30). Judges 20:16, and for קשׁת דּרכי, cf. 1 Chronicles 5:16. The subscription כּל־אלּה מ refers back to the superscription in 1 Chronicles 8:1, and binds all the names in our chapter together.
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