1 Chronicles 11:44
Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(44) Ashterathite.—Of Ashtaroth, a town in Bashan (1Chronicles 6:71).

Jehiel.—Heb., Jeuel. Margin, “Jeiel.”

Hothan.—A misprint of the Authorised Version for Aotham. There was an Aroer in Reuben, and another in Gad (Joshua 13:16; Joshua 13:25).

1 Chronicles 11:44. The Aroerite — So called possibly because his station and quarters were upon the river Aroer, beyond Jordan, being placed there for the defence of those parts.

11:10-47 An account is given of David's worthies, the great men who served him. Yet David reckoned his success, not as from the mighty men that were with him, but from the mighty God, whose presence is all in all. In strengthening him, they strengthened themselves and their own interest, for his advancement was theirs. We shall gain by what we do in our places for the support of the kingdom of the Son of David; and those that are faithful to Him, shall find their names registered much more to their honour, than these are in the records of fame.The sons of Hashem - It is impossible that this can be the true reading, since an individual warrior must be spoken of. Comparing 2 Samuel 23:32, perhaps the most probable conjecture is that the "Beni-Hashem" of Chronicles and the "Beni Jashen" of Samuel alike conceal some single name of a man which cannot now be recovered. 41. Uriah the Hittite—The enrolment of this name in such a list, attesting, as it does, his distinguished merits as a brave and devoted officer, aggravates the criminality of David's outrage on his life and honor. The number of the names at 1Ch 11:26-41 (exclusive of Asahel and Uriah, who were dead) is thirty, and at 1Ch 11:41-47 is sixteen—making together forty-eight (see on [368]1Ch 27:1-34). Of those mentioned (1Ch 11:26-41), the greater part belonged to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin; the sixteen names (1Ch 11:41-47) are all associated with places unknown, or with cities and districts on the east of the Jordan. The northern tribes do not appear to have furnished any leaders [Bertheau]. The Aroerite; so called possibly because his station and quarters were upon the river Aroer beyond Jordan, being placed there for the defence of those parts.

And inquired not of the Lord,.... For though he did inquire in some sense in an external, careless, and hypocritical manner, yet not done seriously, sincerely, and heartily, nor with constancy; it was accounted as if he inquired not at all, 1 Samuel 28:6 the Targum adds another reason of his death, because he killed the priests of Nob; but that is not in the text:

therefore he slew him; or suffered him to be slain:

and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse; translated the kingdom of Israel out of Saul's family, upon his death, into Jesse's, even unto David; for the sake of which observation this short account is given of the last end of Saul.

Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
44. the Ashterathite] i.e. inhabitant of Ashtaroth (1 Chronicles 6:71 [56 Heb.]), a city of Manasseh east of Jordan.

and Jehiel the sons of Hothan] R.V. and Jeiel the sons of Hotham.

the Aroerite] i.e. inhabitant of Aroer. There were two cities of this name, both east of Jordan; cp. Joshua 13:16; Joshua 13:25.

Verse 44. - The Ashterathite. Ashteroth was in East Manasseh (1 Chronicles 6:71). The Aroerite. Aroer lay east of the Jordan (Joshua 13:16, 25). 1 Chronicles 11:44העשׁתּרתי, he of the city Ashtaroth (1 Chronicles 6:56), in the trans-Jordanic domain of Manasseh. הערערי, he of Aroer, or Reuben or Gad (Joshua 13:16, Joshua 13:25).
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