and he who is living, and I did become dead, and, lo, I am living to the ages of the ages. Amen! and I have the keys of the hades and of the death.
Revelation 1:18 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
I am he that liveth, and was dead - I am Jesus the Savior, who, though the fountain of life, have died for mankind; and being raised from the dead I shall die no more, the great sacrifice being consummated. And have the keys of death and the grave, so that I can destroy the living and raise the dead. The key here signifies the power and authority over life, death, and the grave. This is also a rabbinical form of speech. In the Jerusalem Targum, on Genesis 30:22, are these words: "There are four Keys in the hand of God which he never trusts to angel or seraph.
1. The key of the rain;
2. The key of provision;
3. The key of the grave; and
4. The key of the barren womb."
In Sanhedrin, fol. 113, 1, it is said: "When the son of the woman of Sarepta died, Elijah requested that to him might be given the key of the resurrection of the dead. They said to him, there are three Keys which are not given into the hand of the apostle, the key of life, the key of the rain, and the key of the resurrection of the dead." From these examples it is evident that we should understand ᾁδης, hades, here, not as hell, nor the place of separate spirits, but merely as the grave; and the key we find to be merely the emblem of power and authority. Christ can both save and destroy, can kill and make alive. Death is still under his dominion, and he can recall the dead whensoever he pleases. He is the resurrection and the life.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 19:25 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the latter day on the earth:
Psalm 18:46 The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.
John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world sees me no more; but you see me: because I live, you shall live also.
Romans 6:9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dies no more; death has no more dominion over him.
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives by the power of God. For we also are weak in him...
Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ lives in me...
Colossians 3:3 For you are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God.
Hebrews 7:25 Why he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him, seeing he ever lives to make intercession for them.
Romans 14:8,9 For whether we live, we live to the Lord; and whether we die, we die to the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's...
2 Corinthians 5:14,15 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead...
Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...
Hebrews 12:2 Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame...
I am alive.
Revelation 4:9 And when those beasts give glory and honor and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who lives for ever and ever,
Revelation 5:14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that lives for ever and ever.
Hebrews 7:16,25 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life...
Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things said he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key of David...
Revelation 9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven to the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.
Revelation 20:1,2,14 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand...
Psalm 68:20 He that is our God is the God of salvation; and to GOD the Lord belong the issues from death.
Isaiah 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut...
Matthew 16:19 And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven...
Revelation 1:18 Parallel CommentariesAges Alive Amen Dead Death Died Evermore Forevermore Gates Hades Hell Hold KeysAges Alive Amen Dead Death Died Evermore Forevermore Gates Hades Hell Hold KeysTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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