The sin of their mouth is a word of their lips, And they are captured in their pride, And from the curse and lying they recount.
Psalm 59:12 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
For the sin of their mouth - This verse has puzzled all the commentators. If we take חטאת chattath for sin-offering instead of sin, we shall get a better sense. Some of Nehemiah's enemies made a profession of the Jewish religion. Tobiah and his son were allied by marriage to the Jews; for Eliashib the priest had married his grandson to the daughter of Sanballat; and this produced a connection with Tobiah, the fast friend of Sanballat. Besides this very priest had given Tobiah one of the great chambers in the house of the Lord, where formerly the meat-offerings, the frankincense, the vessels, and the tithe of the corn and wine and oil were kept; Nehemiah 13:4, Nehemiah 13:5, Nehemiah 13:7-9. And there were children of Tobiah (probably the same family) who professed to be of the Levites, Nethinim, or children of Solomon's servants; but as they could not show their father's house and their seed, whether they were of Israel; these, and others which were children of the priests, were put out of the priesthood, and out of the sacred service, as polluted; as having sprung from intermarriages with heathens. See Ezra 2:59-62. Tobiah was expelled from the house of the Lord by Nehemiah, and all his household stuff thrown out of doors: Nehemiah 13:7, Nehemiah 13:8. And this was doubtless one ground of the enmity of Tobiah to Nehemiah; and in this verse of the Psalm he may allude particularly to his occupancy of the chamber of offerings, which offerings, instead of being given to the Levites, were consumed by Tobiah and his household. This may be fairly gathered from Nehemiah 13:6, Nehemiah 13:10, Nehemiah 13:11. Here then we have the sin of their mouth; their eating the offerings that belonged to the Levites; so that the temple service was deserted, the Levites being obliged to go and till the ground in order to obtain the means of life. And if we take חטאת chattath for sin-offering, it may refer to promises of sacrifice and offering which Tobiah and his family made, but never performed. They ate instead of offering them; and here was the sin of their mouth, in connection with the words of their lips, and their cursing and lying which they spake, for which the psalmist calls upon the Lord to consume them, that they may not be, Psalm 59:13.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalm 64:7,8 But God shall shoot at them with an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded...
Psalm 79:12 And render to our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, with which they have reproached you, O Lord.
Psalm 120:3,4 What shall be given to you? or what shall be done to you, you false tongue...
Psalm 140:9,10 As for the head of those that compass me about, let the mischief of their own lips cover them...
Proverbs 12:13 The wicked is snared by the transgression of his lips: but the just shall come out of trouble.
Proverbs 18:7 A fool's mouth is his destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.
Matthew 12:36,37 But I say to you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment...
Matthew 27:25,63 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children...
Psalm 10:2 The wicked in his pride does persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
Proverbs 6:2 You are snared with the words of your mouth, you are taken with the words of your mouth.
Proverbs 11:6 The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in their own naughtiness.
Psalm 109:17,18 As he loved cursing, so let it come to him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him...
Hosea 4:2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touches blood.
Luke 23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.
Psalm 59:12 Parallel CommentariesAccount Captured Caught Curse Curses Cursing Deceit Lips Mouth Mouths Pride Recount Sin Sins Speak Trapped Utter WordsAccount Captured Caught Curse Curses Cursing Deceit Lips Mouth Mouths Pride Recount Sin Sins Speak Trapped Utter WordsTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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