Philemon 1:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our dear friend and fellow worker--

King James Bible
Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother, unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellowlabourer,

Darby Bible Translation
Paul, prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timotheus the brother, to Philemon the beloved and our fellow-workman,

World English Bible
Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, to Philemon, our beloved fellow worker,

Young's Literal Translation
Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timotheus the brother, to Philemon our beloved and fellow-worker,

Philemon 1:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ - It has already been noted, in the preface, that Paul was a prisoner at Rome when he wrote this epistle, and those to the Colossians and Philippians. But some think that the term prisoner does not sufficiently point out the apostle's state, and that the original word δεσμιος should be translated bound with a chain: this is certainly its meaning; and it shows us in some measure his circumstances - one arm was bound with a chain to the arm of the soldier to whose custody he had been delivered.

It has also been remarked that Paul does not call himself an apostle here, because the letter was a letter of friendship, and on private concerns. But the MSS. are not entirely agreed on this subject. Two MSS. have δουλος, a servant; the Codex Claromontanus and the Codex Sangermanensis, both in the Greek and Latin, have αποστολος, apostle; and Cassiodorus has αποστολος δεσμιος, Paul, an imprisoned apostle of Jesus Christ. They, however, generally agree in the omission of the word αποστολος.

Unto Philemon our dearly beloved - There is a peculiarity in the use of proper names in this epistle which is not found in any other part of St. Paul's writings. The names to which we refer are Philemon, Apphia, Archippus, and Onesimus.

Philemon, Φιλημων. Affectionate or beloved, from φιλημα, a kiss; this led the apostle to say: To Philemon our Dearly Beloved.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A. D.

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a prisoner.

Philemon 1:9 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech you, being such an one as Paul the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ.

See on

Ephesians 3:1 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles,

Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that you walk worthy of the vocation with which you are called,

Ephesians 6:20 For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

2 Timothy 1:8 Be not you therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner...

Timothy. See on

2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the church of God which is at Corinth...

Colossians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timotheus our brother,

2 Thessalonians 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, to the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

Philemon. The apostle in this epistle indulges in some fine paronomasais on the proper names. Thus Philemon, [Philemon,] affectionate, or beloved, is 'our dearly beloved;' Apphia, ([Apphia from appha,] the affectionate address of a brother or sister, according to Suidas,) is 'the beloved sister,' as several MSS., Vulgate, and others correctly read; Archippus, ([Archippos,] the ruler of the horse, for the managing of which heros were anciently famous,) is 'our fellow- soldier;' and Onesimus, ([Onesimos,] useful or profitable,) once unprofitable, is now profitable.

and fellow labourer.

Philemon 1:24 Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, my fellow laborers.

1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are laborers together with God: you are God's husbandry, you are God's building.

Philippians 2:25 Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labor, and fellow soldier, but your messenger...

Philippians 4:3 And I entreat you also, true yoke fellow, help those women which labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also...

Colossians 4:11 And Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only are my fellow workers to the kingdom of God...

1 Thessalonians 3:2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellow laborer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you...

Library
The Epistles of the Captivity.
During his confinement in Rome, from a.d. 61 to 63, while waiting the issue of his trial on the charge of being "a mover of insurrections among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes" (Acts 24:5), the aged apostle composed four Epistles, to the Colossians, Ephesians, Philemon, and Philippians. He thus turned the prison into a pulpit, sent inspiration and comfort to his distant congregations, and rendered a greater service to future ages than he could have
Philip Schaff—History of the Christian Church, Volume I

Cross References
Acts 16:1
Paul came to Derbe and then to Lystra, where a disciple named Timothy lived, whose mother was Jewish and a believer but whose father was a Greek.

2 Corinthians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God in Corinth, together with all his holy people throughout Achaia:

Galatians 3:26
So in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith,

Ephesians 3:1
For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles--

Philippians 1:1
Paul and Timothy, servants of Christ Jesus, To all God's holy people in Christ Jesus at Philippi, together with the overseers and deacons:

Philippians 2:25
But I think it is necessary to send back to you Epaphroditus, my brother, co-worker and fellow soldier, who is also your messenger, whom you sent to take care of my needs.

Colossians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother,

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Beloved Christ Dear Dearly Dearly-Loved Faith Fellow Fellow-Laborer Fellowlabourer Fellow-Worker Fellow-Workman Friend Helper Jesus Paul Prisoner Timotheus Timothy Worker
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Beloved Christ Dear Dearly Dearly-Loved Faith Fellow Fellow-Laborer Fellowlabourer Fellow-Worker Fellow-Workman Friend Helper Jesus Paul Prisoner Timotheus Timothy Worker
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