All those numbered of the Levites whom Moses numbered -- Aaron also -- by the command of Jehovah, by their families, every male from a son of a month and upward, are two and twenty thousand.
Numbers 3:39 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Which Moses and Aaron numbered - The word ואהרן veaharon, "and Aaron." has a point over each of its letters, probably designed as a mark of spuriousness. The word is wanting in the Samaritan, Syriac, and Coptic; it is wanting also in eight of Dr. Kennicott's MSS., and in four of De Rossi's. Moses alone, as Houbigant observes, is commanded to take the number of the Levites; see Numbers 3:5, Numbers 3:11, Numbers 3:40, Numbers 3:44, and Numbers 3:51.
All the males - were twenty and two thousand - This total does not agree with the particulars; for the Gershonites were 7,500, the Kohathites 8,600, the Merarites 6,200, total 22,300. Several methods of solving this difficulty have been proposed by learned men; Dr. Kennicott's is the most simple. Formerly the numbers in the Hebrew Bible were expressed by letters, and not by words at full length; and if two nearly similar letters were mistaken for each other, many errors in the numbers must be the consequence. Now it is probable that an error has crept into the number of the Gershonites, Numbers 3:22, where, instead of 7,500, we should read 7,200, as ך caph, 500, might have been easily mistaken for ר resh, 200, especially if the down stroke of the caph had been a little shorter than ordinary, which is often the case in MSS. The extra 300 being taken off, the total is just 22,000, as mentioned in the 39th verse.
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and Aaron, The word weaharon, and Aaron, has a point over each of its letters, probably designed as a mark of spuriousness. The word is wanting in the Samaritan, Syriac, and Coptic, and also in eight of Dr. Kennicott's and in four of De Rossi's MSS. Moses alone, as Houbigant observes, was commanded to number the Levites, for as the money with which the first-born were redeemed was to be paid to Aaron and his sons, it was decent that he, whose advantage it was that the number of the first-born should exceed, should not be authorized to take that number himself. Twenty and two thousand, this total does not agree with the particulars; for the Gershonites were
7500, the Kohathites
8600, and the Merarites
6200, which make a total of
22,300. Several methods of solving this difficulty have been proposed by learned men. Houbigant supposes there is an error in the enumeration of the Kohathites in ver.
Numbers 3:28 In the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, were eight thousand and six hundred, keeping the charge of the sanctuary.
; the numeral shesh, 'six,' being written instead of shalosh, 'three', before 'hundred.' Dr. Kennicott's mode of reconciling the discrepancy, however, is the most simple. He supposes that an error has crept into the number of the Gershonites in ver.
Numbers 3:22 Those that were numbered of them, according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward...
, where instead of
7500 we should read
7200, as caph final, which stands for
500, might have been easily mistaken for resh,
200. (Dr. Kennicott on the Hebrew Text, vol.
Numbers 3:11 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
, p.212.) Either of these modes will equally reconcile the difference.
Numbers 4:47,48 From thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry...
Numbers 26:62 And those that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, all males from a month old and upward...
Matthew 7:14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leads to life, and few there be that find it.
Numbers 3:39 Parallel CommentariesAaron Clans Command Commandment Counted Families Including Levites Male Males Month Moses Numbered Order Thousand Throughout Total Twenty Twenty-Two UpwardAaron Clans Command Commandment Counted Families Including Levites Male Males Month Moses Numbered Order Thousand Throughout Total Twenty Twenty-Two UpwardTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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