Matthew 5:43
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.'

King James Bible
Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye have heard that it has been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour and hate thine enemy.

World English Bible
"You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor, and hate your enemy.'

Young's Literal Translation
'Ye heard that it was said: Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and shalt hate thine enemy;

Matthew 5:43 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy - Instead of πλησιον neighbor, the Codex Graevii, a MS. of the eleventh century, reads φιλον friend. Thou shalt love thy friend, and hate thine enemy. This was certainly the meaning which the Jews put on it: for neighbor, with them, implied those of the Jewish race, and all others were, considered by them as natural enemies. Besides, it is evident that πλησιον, among the Hellenistic Jews, meant friend merely: Christ uses it precisely in this sense in Luke 10:36, in answer to the question asked by a certain lawyer, Matthew 5:29. Who of the three was neighbor (πλησιον friend) to him who fell among the thieves? He who showed him mercy; i.e. he who acted the friendly part. In Hebrew, רע reâ, signifies friend, which word is translated πλησιον by the Lxx. in more than one hundred places. Among the Greeks it was a very comprehensive term, and signified every man, not even an enemy excepted, as Raphelius, on this verse, has shown from Polybius. The Jews thought themselves authorized to kill any Jew who apostatized; and, though they could not do injury to the Gentiles, in whose country they sojourned, yet they were bound to suffer them to perish, if they saw them in danger of death. Hear their own words: "A Jew sees a Gentile fall into the sea, let him by no means lift him out; for it is written, Thou shalt not rise up against the blood of thy neighbor: - but this is not thy neighbor." Maimon. This shows that by neighbor they understood a Jew; one who was of the same blood and religion with themselves.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thou.

Matthew 19:19 Honor your father and your mother: and, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

Matthew 22:39,40 And the second is like to it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself...

Leviticus 19:18 You shall not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself...

Mark 12:31-34 And the second is like, namely this, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. There is none other commandment greater than these...

Luke 10:27-29 And he answering said, You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength...

Romans 13:8-10 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loves another has fulfilled the law...

Galatians 5:13,14 For, brothers, you have been called to liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another...

James 2:8 If you fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, You shall love your neighbor as yourself, you do well:

and hate.

Exodus 17:14-16 And the LORD said to Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua...

Deuteronomy 23:6 You shall not seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days for ever.

Deuteronomy 25:17 Remember what Amalek did to you by the way, when you were come forth out of Egypt;

Psalm 41:10 But you, O LORD, be merciful to me, and raise me up, that I may requite them.

Psalm 139:21,22 Do not I hate them, O LORD, that hate you? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against you...

Library
Agree with Thine Adversary
Eversley, 1861. Windsor Castle, 1867. St. Matthew v. 25, 26. "Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing." This parable our Lord seems to have spoken at least twice, as He did several others. For we find it also in the 12th
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Salt Without Savour
'Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.'--MATT. v. 13. These words must have seemed ridiculously presumptuous when they were first spoken, and they have too often seemed mere mockery and irony in the ages since. A Galilean peasant, with a few of his rude countrymen who had gathered round him, stands up there on the mountain, and says to them, 'You,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Lamp and the Bushel
'Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.'--Matt. v. 14-16. The conception of the office of Christ's disciples contained in these words is a still bolder one than that expressed by the preceding metaphor, which
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The New Form of the Old Law
'Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20. For I say
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Leviticus 19:18
"'Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 23:3
No Ammonite or Moabite or any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the LORD, not even in the tenth generation.

Matthew 5:21
"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

Matthew 5:27
"You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.'

1 John 4:21
And he has given us this command: Anyone who loves God must also love their brother and sister.

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