Matthew 10:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

King James Bible
Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Darby Bible Translation
Simon the Cananaean, and Judas the Iscariote, who also delivered him up.

World English Bible
Simon the Canaanite; and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Young's Literal Translation
Simon the Cananite, and Judas Iscariot, who did also deliver him up.

Matthew 10:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Simon - He was third son of Alpheus, and brother of James and Jude, or Judas, Matthew 13:55.

The Canaanite - This word is not put here to signify a particular people, as it is elsewhere used in the Sacred Writings; but it is formed from the Hebrew קנא kana, which signifies zealous, literally translated by Luke, Luke 6:15, ζηλωτης, zelotes, or the zealous, probably from his great fervency in preaching the Gospel of his Master. But see Luke 6:15.

Judas Iscariot - Probably from the Hebrew איש קריות ish kerioth, a man of Kerioth, which was a city in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:25, where it is likely this man was born.

As אסכרא iscara, signifies the quinsy, or strangulation, and Judas hanged himself after he had betrayed our Lord, Dr. Lightfoot seems inclined to believe that he had his name from this circumstance, and that it was not given him till after his death.

Who also betrayed him - Rather, even he who betrayed him, or delivered him up; for so, I think, ο και παραδους αυτον should be translated. The common translation, who Also betrayed him, is very exceptionable, as it seems to imply, he was betrayed by some others, as well as by Judas.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Simon.

Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus...

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Simon Zelotes.

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

and.

Matthew 26:14,47 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests...

Matthew 27:3 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself...

Mark 3:19 And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed him: and they went into an house.

Mark 14:10,43 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests, to betray him to them...

Luke 6:16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

Luke 22:3,47 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve...

John 6:71 He spoke of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.

John 13:2,26-30 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him...

John 18:2-5 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus often resorted thither with his disciples...

Acts 1:16-20,25 Men and brothers, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled...

Library
January 24. "Freely Ye have Received, Freely Give" (Matt. x. 8).
"Freely ye have received, freely give" (Matt. x. 8). When God does anything marked and special for our souls, or bodies, He intends it as a sacred trust for us to communicate to others. "Freely ye have received, freely give." It has pleased the Master in these closing days of the dispensation to reveal Himself in peculiar blessing to the hearts of His chosen disciples in all parts of the Christian Church; but this is intended to be communicated to a still wider circle, and every one of us who has
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Widened Mission, Its Perils and Defences
'Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. 17. But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues; 18. And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for My sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. 19. But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. 20. For it
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

On the Words of the Gospel, Matt. x. 16, "Behold, I Send You Forth as Sheep in the Midst of Wolves," Etc. Delivered on a Festival
1. When the Holy Gospel was read, Brethren, ye heard how our Lord Jesus Christ strengthened His Martyrs by His teaching, saying, "Behold, I send you forth as lambs in the midst of wolves." [2215] Now consider, my Brethren, what he does. If but one wolf come among many sheep, be they ever so many thousands, they will all be put to confusion by one wolf in the midst of them: and though all may not be torn, yet all are frightened. What manner of design is this then, what manner of counsel, what manner
Saint Augustine—sermons on selected lessons of the new testament

On the Words of the Gospel, Matt. x. 28, "Be not Afraid of them that Kill the Body. " Delivered on a Festival of Martyrs.
1. The Divine oracles which have just been read teach us in fearing not to fear, and in not fearing to fear. Ye observed when the Holy Gospel was being read, that our Lord God before He died for us, would have us to be firm; and this by admonishing us "not" to fear, and withal to fear. For he said, "Fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul." See where He advised us not to fear. See now where He advised us to fear. "But," saith he, "fear Him who hath power to destroy both
Saint Augustine—sermons on selected lessons of the new testament

Cross References
Matthew 26:2
"As you know, the Passover is two days away--and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified."

Matthew 26:14
Then one of the Twelve--the one called Judas Iscariot--went to the chief priests

Matthew 26:15
and asked, "What are you willing to give me if I deliver him over to you?" So they counted out for him thirty pieces of silver.

Luke 22:3
Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve.

John 6:64
Yet there are some of you who do not believe." For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him.

John 6:71
(He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, who, though one of the Twelve, was later to betray him.)

John 13:2
The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already prompted Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus.

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