|New International Version (© 2011)|
But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, "Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount."
King James Bible
And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
American Standard Version
And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wrongfully exacted aught of any man, I restore fourfold.
Young's Literal Translation
And Zaccheus having stood, said unto the Lord, 'Lo, the half of my goods, sir, I give to the poor, and if of any one anything I did take by false accusation, I give back fourfold.'
Luke 19:8 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The half of my goods I give to the poor - Probably he had already done so for some time past; though it is generally understood that the expressions only refer to what he now purposed to do.
If I have taken any thing - by false accusation - Εσυκοφαντησα, from συκον, a fig, and φαινω, I show or declare; for among the primitive Athenians, when the use of that fruit was first found out, or in the time of a dearth, when all sorts of provisions were exceedingly scarce, it was enacted that no figs should be exported from Attica; and this law (not being actually repealed, when a plentiful harvest had rendered it useless, by taking away the reason of it) gave occasion to ill-natured and malicious fellows to accuse all persons they found breaking the letter of it; and from them all busy informers have ever since been branded with the name of sycophants. Potter's Antiq. vol. i. c. 21, end.
I restore him fourfold - This restitution the Roman laws obliged the tax-gatherers to make, when it was proved they had abused their power by oppressing the people. But here was no such proof: the man, to show the sincerity of his conversion, does it of his own accord. He who has wronged his fellow must make restitution, if he have it in his power. He that does not do so cannot expect the mercy of God. See the observations at the end of Genesis 42 (note), and Numbers 5:7 (note).
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Luke 3:8-13 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father...
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.
Luke 12:33 Sell that you have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that fails not...
Luke 16:9 And I say to you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when you fail...
Luke 18:22,23 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one thing: sell all that you have, and distribute to the poor...
Psalm 41:1 Blessed is he that considers the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Acts 2:44-46 And all that believed were together, and had all things common...
Acts 4:34,35 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them...
2 Corinthians 8:7,8 Therefore, as you abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love to us...
1 Timothy 6:17,18 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God...
James 1:10,11 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away...
Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said to them, Do violence to no man...
Exodus 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Exodus 22:1-4 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep...
Leviticus 6:1-6 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...
1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken?...
2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
Proverbs 6:31 But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.
Luke 19:8 Parallel CommentariesAccusation Addressing Amount Anybody Aught Cheated Exacted False. Four Fourfold Goods Half However Money Pay Pledge Poor Property Repay Restore Stood Stopped Times Unjustly Waiting Wrongfully Zacchaeus Zacchae'us ZaccheusAccusation Addressing Amount Anybody Aught Cheated Exacted False. Four Fourfold Goods Half However Money Pay Pledge Poor Property Repay Restore Stood Stopped Times Unjustly Waiting Wrongfully Zacchaeus Zacchae'us ZaccheusTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Exodus 22:1 "Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.
Leviticus 6:5 or whatever it was they swore falsely about. They must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day they present their guilt offering.
Numbers 5:7 and must confess the sin they have committed. They must make full restitution for the wrong they have done, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the person they have wronged.
2 Samuel 12:6 He must pay for that lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and had no pity."
Ezekiel 33:15 if they give back what they took in pledge for a loan, return what they have stolen, follow the decrees that give life, and do no evil--that person will surely live; they will not die.
Luke 3:14 Then some soldiers asked him, "And what should we do?" He replied, "Don't extort money and don't accuse people falsely--be content with your pay."
Luke 7:13 When the Lord saw her, his heart went out to her and he said, "Don't cry."