|New International Version (© 2011)|
summoned all Israel--their elders, leaders, judges and officials--and said to them: "I am very old.
King James Bible
And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:
American Standard Version
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and well stricken in years:
Young's Literal Translation
and Joshua calleth for all Israel, for its elders, and for its heads, and for its judges, and for its authorities, and saith unto them, 'I have become old; I have entered into days;
Joshua 23:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Joshua called for all Israel - There are four degrees of civil distinction mentioned here:
1. זקנים zekenim, the elders or senate, the Princes of the tribes.
2. ראשים rashim or rashey aboth, the Chiefs or Heads of families.
3. שפטים shophetim, the Judges who interpreted and decided according to the law.
4. שטרים shoterim, the Officers, serjeants, etc., who executed the decisions of the judges.
Whether this assembly was held at Timnath-serah, where Joshua 54ed, or at Shiloh, where the ark was, or at Shechem, as in Joshua 24:1, we cannot tell. Some think that the meaning here, and that mentioned in Joshua 24:1, were the same, and if so, Shechem was the place of assembling; but it is more likely that the two chapters treat of two distinct assemblies, whether held at the same place or not.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Joshua 24:1 And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges...
Deuteronomy 31:28 Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears...
1 Chronicles 28:1 And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes...
Acts 20:17-35 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church...
and for their elders Or, `even for their elders,' etc.; for it is probably that Joshua gave the following charge only to the elders, judges, etc., to communicate to the people.
Joshua 23:2 Parallel CommentariesAdvanced Age Authorities Chiefs Elders Entered Heads Israel Joshua Judges Leaders Officers Officials Overseers Responsible Stricken SummonedAdvanced Age Authorities Chiefs Elders Entered Heads Israel Joshua Judges Leaders Officers Officials Overseers Responsible Stricken SummonedTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Joshua 24:1 Then Joshua assembled all the tribes of Israel at Shechem. He summoned the elders, leaders, judges and officials of Israel, and they presented themselves before God.
Joshua 23:3 You yourselves have seen everything the LORD your God has done to all these nations for your sake; it was the LORD your God who fought for you.