he who is believing in the Son, hath life age-during; and he who is not believing the Son, shall not see life, but the wrath of God doth remain upon him.'
John 3:36 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Hath everlasting life - He has already the seed of this life in his soul, having been made a partaker of the grace and spirit of him in whom he has believed. See on John 3:8 (note).
He that believeth not - Or, obeyeth not - απειθων: from α, negative, and πειθω, to persuade, or πειθομαι, to obey - the want of the obedience of faith. The person who will not be persuaded, in consequence, does not believe; and, not having believed, he cannot obey.
Shall not see life - Shall never enjoy it: there being no way to the kingdom of God, but through Christ Jesus, Acts 4:12. And none can expect to enter into this kingdom but those who obey him; for to such only he is the author of eternal salvation, Hebrews 5:9.
But the wrath of God abideth on him - Οργη, the displeasure of God. I should prefer displeasure to wrath, because the common acceptation of the latter (fury, rage) is not properly applicable here. Perhaps the original word is used in the same sense here as in Romans 2:5; Romans 3:5; Romans 13:4, Romans 13:5; Ephesians 5:6; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:9; where it evidently means punishment, which is the effect of irritated justice. Taken in this sense, we may consider the phrase as a Hebraism: punishment of God, i.e. the most heavy and awful of all punishments; such as sin deserves, and such as it becomes Divine justice to inflict. And this abideth on him - endures as long as his unbelief and disobedience remain! And how shall these be removed in a hell of fire! Reader! pray God that thou mayest never know what this continuing punishment means!
There are many very important topics brought forward in this chapter; the principal of which have been already illustrated in the notes: the subject in the 29th verse is of great consequence, and requires some farther explanation.
The friend of the bridegroom is the person called among the Jews שושבי shoshabin; and παρανυμφος, paranymph, among the Greeks. Several matters are found in the Jewish writings relative to these, which may serve to throw light, not only on the discourse of John, but also on other passages of Scripture.
1. There were generally two shoshabinim; one for the bride, another for the bridegroom: though in many instances we find the shoshabin of the bride only mentioned.
2. These officers were chosen out of the most intimate and particular friends of the parties: - a brother might be shoshabin or paranymph to his brother.
3. Though it is probable that such persons were not always found in ordinary weddings, yet they were never absent from the marriages of kings, princes, and persons of distinction.
4. The Jews believe that this was an ordinance appointed by God; and that he himself was shoshabin to Adam. But in Bereshith Rabba it is said, that God took the cup of blessing and blessed the first pair; and that Michael and Gabriel were shoshabins to Adam.
5. So important was this office esteemed among them, that it wag reckoned one of the indispensable works of charity: much depending on the proper discharge of it, as we shall afterwards find.
6. Those who were engaged in this office, were excused, for the time, from some of the severer duties of religion, because they had so much to do about the new-married pair, especially during the seven days of the marriage feast.
These shoshabinan had a threefold office to fulfill, viz. before, at, and after the marriage: of each of these in order.
I. Before the marriage: it was the business of the shoshabin: -
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
that believeth on.
John 3:15,16 That whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life...
John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
John 5:24 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that hears my word, and believes on him that sent me, has everlasting life...
John 6:47-54 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that believes on me has everlasting life...
John 10:28 And I give to them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
Habakkuk 2:4 Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
1 John 3:14,15 We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the brothers. He that loves not his brother stays in death...
1 John 5:10-13 He that believes on the Son of God has the witness in himself: he that believes not God has made him a liar...
John 3:3 Jesus answered and said to him, Truly, truly, I say to you, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
John 8:51 Truly, truly, I say to you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.
Numbers 32:11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore to Abraham...
Job 33:28 He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
Psalm 36:9 For with you is the fountain of life: in your light shall we see light.
Psalm 49:19 He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.
Psalm 106:4,5 Remember me, O LORD, with the favor that you bore to your people: O visit me with your salvation...
Luke 2:30 For my eyes have seen your salvation,
Luke 3:6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.
Romans 8:24,25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man sees, why does he yet hope for...
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...
Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little...
Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Romans 4:15 Because the law works wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written...
Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things comes the wrath of God on the children of disobedience.
1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
1 Thessalonians 5:9 For God has not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord...
Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose you, shall he be thought worthy, who has trodden under foot the Son of God...
Revelation 6:16,17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sits on the throne...
John 3:36 Parallel CommentariesAbides Abideth Age-During Ages Anger Believes Believeth Believing Disobeys Enter Eternal Everlasting God's Life Obey Rejects Rests Subject Won't WrathAbides Abideth Age-During Ages Anger Believes Believeth Believing Disobeys Enter Eternal Everlasting God's Life Obey Rejects Rests Subject Won't WrathTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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