for every one who is doing wicked things hateth the light, and doth not come unto the light, that his works may not be detected;
John 3:20 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
For every one that doeth evil hateth the light - He who doth vile or abominable things: alluding to the subject mentioned in the preceding verse.
The word φαυλος, evil or vile, is supposed by some to come from the Hebrew פלס phalas, to roll, and so cover oneself in dust or ashes, which was practised in token of humiliation and grief, not only by the more eastern nations, see Job 42:6, but also by the Greeks and Trojans, as appears from Homer, Iliad xviii. l. 26; xxii. l. 414; xxiv. l. 640; compare Virgil, Aen. x. l. 844; and Ovid, Metam. lib. viii. l. 528. From the above Hebrew word, it is likely that the Saxon ful, the English foul, the Latin vilis, and the English vile, are derived. See Parkhurst under φαυλος.
Lest his deeds should be reproved - Or discovered. To manifest or discover, is one sense of the original word, ελεγχω, in the best Greek writers; and it is evidently its meaning in this place.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.
1 Kings 22:8 And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may inquire of the LORD...
Job 24:13-17 They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof...
Psalm 50:17 Seeing you hate instruction, and casts my words behind you.
Proverbs 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shines more and more to the perfect day.
Proverbs 5:12 And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof;
Proverbs 15:12 A scorner loves not one that reproves him: neither will he go to the wise.
Amos 5:10,11 They hate him that rebukes in the gate, and they abhor him that speaks uprightly...
Luke 11:45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said to him, Master, thus saying you reproach us also.
James 1:23-25 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like to a man beholding his natural face in a glass...
reproved. or, discovered.
Ephesians 5:12,13 For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret...
John 3:20 Parallel CommentariesActions Deeds Detected Evil Exposed Fear Hated Hates Hateth Light Reproved Shewn Wicked Works WrongdoerActions Deeds Detected Evil Exposed Fear Hated Hates Hateth Light Reproved Shewn Wicked Works WrongdoerTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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