Isaiah 9:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

King James Bible
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

Darby Bible Translation
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name is called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.

World English Bible
For to us a child is born. To us a son is given; and the government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Young's Literal Translation
For a Child hath been born to us, A Son hath been given to us, And the princely power is on his shoulder, And He doth call his name Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 9:6 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The government shall be upon his shoulder - That is, the ensign of government; the scepter, the sword, the key, or the like, which was borne upon or hung from the shoulder. See note on Isaiah 22:22.

And his name shall be called - אל גבור El gibbor, the prevailing or conquering God.

The everlasting Father "The Father of the everlasting age" - Or אבי עד Abi ad, the Father of eternity. The Septuagint have μεγαλης βουλης Αγγελος, "the Messenger of the Great Counsel." But instead of אבי אד Abi ad, a MS. of De Rossi has אבעזר Abezer, the helping Father; evidently the corruption of some Jew, who did not like such an evidence in favor of the Christian Messiah.

Prince of Peace - שר שלום sar shalom, the Prince of prosperity, the Giver of all blessings.

A MS. of the thirteenth century in Kennicott's collection has a remarkable addition here. "He shall be a stumbling-block, המכשלה; the government is on his shoulder." This reading is nowhere else acknowledged, as far as I know.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for unto

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you...

Luke 2:11 For to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord.

unto us a son

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory...

John 3:16,17 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish...

Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

1 John 4:10-14 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins...

the government

Isaiah 22:21,22 And I will clothe him with your robe, and strengthen him with your girdle, and I will commit your government into his hand...

Psalm 2:6-12 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion...

Psalm 110:1-4 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool...

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

Zechariah 6:12,13 And speak to him, saying, Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH...

Zechariah 9:9,10 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your King comes to you: he is just...

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the Son, but the Father; neither knows any man the Father, save the Son...

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet.

Ephesians 1:21,22 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world...

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

his name

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Judges 13:18 And the angel of the LORD said to him, Why ask you thus after my name, seeing it is secret?

Jeremiah 31:22 How long will you go about, O you backsliding daughter? for the LORD has created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is...

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels...

counsellor

Isaiah 28:29 This also comes forth from the LORD of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

Zechariah 6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on his throne...

Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.

John 1:16 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace.

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

Colossians 2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

the mighty God

Isaiah 45:24,25 Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come...

Psalm 45:3,6 Gird your sword on your thigh, O most mighty, with your glory and your majesty...

Psalm 50:1 The mighty God, even the LORD, has spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun to the going down thereof.

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

John 1:1,2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God...

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost has made you overseers...

Romans 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ;

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true...

the everlasting Prince of Peace

Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid...

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him...

Psalm 72:3,7 The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness...

Psalm 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.

Daniel 9:24,25 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins...

Micah 5:4,5 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide...

Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give to you: not as the world gives, give I to you. Let not your heart be troubled...

Acts 10:36 The word which God sent to the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)

Romans 5:1-10 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ...

2 Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing their trespasses to them...

Ephesians 2:14-18 For he is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of partition between us...

Colossians 1:20,21 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things to himself; by him, I say...

Hebrews 7:2,3 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem...

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep...

Library
May 27. "The Government Shall be Upon his Shoulder" (Isa. Ix. 6).
"The government shall be upon His shoulder" (Isa. ix. 6). You cannot make the heart restful by stopping its beating. Belladonna will do that, but that is not rest. Let the breath of life come--God's life and strength--and there will be sweet rest. Home ties and family affection will not bring it. Deliverance from trouble will not bring it. Many a tried heart has said: "If this great trouble was only gone, I should have rest." But as soon as one goes another comes. The poor, wounded deer on the mountain
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Sun Rising Upon a Dark World
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon then hath the light shined. C ontrasts are suited to illustrate and strengthen the impression of each other. The happiness of those, who by faith in MESSIAH, are brought into a state of peace, liberty, and comfort, is greatly enhanced and heightened by the consideration of that previous state of misery in which they once lived, and of the greater misery to which they were justly exposed.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

The Same Text Further Explained.
For His Only-begotten Son might, ye Arians, be called Father' by His Father, yet not in the sense in which you in your error might perhaps understand it, but (while Son of the Father that begat Him) Father of the coming age' (Isa. ix. 6, LXX). For it is necessary not to leave any of your surmises open to you. Well then, He says by the prophet, A Son is born and given to us, whose government is upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Angel of Great Counsel, mighty God, Ruler, Father of the
Athanasius—Select Works and Letters or Athanasius

Two Famous Versions of the Scriptures
[Illustration: (drop cap B) Samaritan Book of the Law] By the blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea, on the coast of Egypt, lies Alexandria, a busy and prosperous city of to-day. You remember the great conqueror, Alexander, and how nation after nation had been forced to submit to him, until all the then-known world owned him for its emperor? He built this city, and called it after his own name. About a hundred years before the days of Antiochus (of whom we read in our last chapter) a company of Jews
Mildred Duff—The Bible in its Making

Cross References
Matthew 1:1
This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Matthew 1:23
"The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel" (which means "God with us").

Matthew 28:18
Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

Luke 2:11
Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord.

John 3:16
For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

1 Corinthians 15:25
For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.

Ephesians 2:14
For he himself is our peace, who has made the two groups one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility,

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