Isaiah 9:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

King James Bible
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

American Standard Version
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For a CHILD IS BORN to us, and a son is given to us, and the government is upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called, Wonderful, Counsellor, God the Mighty, the Father of the world to come, the Prince of Peace.

English Revised Version
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Webster's Bible Translation
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 9:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The night of despair to which the unbelieving nation would be brought, is described in Isaiah 8:21, Isaiah 8:22 : "And it goes about therein hard pressed and hungry: and it comes to pass, when hunger befals it, it frets itself, and curses by its king and by its God, and turns its face upward, and looks to the earth, and beyond distress and darkness, benighting with anguish, and thrust out into darkness." The singulars attach themselves to the לו in Isaiah 8:19, which embraces all the unbelievers in one mass; "therein" (bâh) refers to the self-evident land ('eretz). The people would be brought to such a plight in the approaching Assyrian oppressions, that they would wander about in the land pressed down by their hard fate (niksheh) and hungry (râ'eb), because all provisions would be gone and the fields and vineyards would be laid waste. As often as it experienced hunger afresh, it would work itself into a rage (v'hithkazzaqph with Vav apod. and pathach, according to Ges. 54, Anm.), and curse by its king and God, i.e., by its idol. This is the way in which we must explain the passage, in accordance with 1 Samuel 14:43, where killel bēholim is equivalent to killel b'shēm elohim, and with Zephaniah 1:5, where a distinction is made between an oath layehovâh, and an oath b'malcâm; if we would adhere to the usage of the language, in which we never find a בּ קלל corresponding to the Latin execrari in aliquem (Ges.), but on the contrary the object cursed is always expressed in the accusative. We must therefore give up Psalm 5:3 and Psalm 68:25 as parallels to b'malco and b'lohâi: they curse by the idol, which passes with them for both king and God, curse their wretched fate with this as they suppose the most effectual curse of all, without discerning in it the just punishment of their own apostasy, and humbling themselves penitentially under the almighty hand of Jehovah. Consequently all this reaction of their wrath would avail them nothing: whether they turned upwards, to see if the black sky were not clearing, or looked down to the earth, everywhere there would meet them nothing but distress and darkness, nothing but a night of anguish all around (me‛ūph zūkâh is a kind of summary; mâ‛ūph a complete veiling, or eclipse, written with ū instead of the more usual ō of this substantive form: Ewald, 160, a). The judgment of God does not convert them, but only heightens their wickedness; just as in Revelation 16:11, Revelation 16:21, after the pouring out of the fifth and seventh vials of wrath, men only utter blasphemies, and do not desist from their works. After stating what the people see, whether they turn their eyes upwards or downwards, the closing participial clause of Isaiah 8:22 describes how they see themselves "thrust out into darkness' (in caliginem propulsum). There is no necessity to supply הוּא; but out of the previous hinnēh it is easy to repeat hinno or hinnennu (en ipsum). "Into darkness:" ăphēlâh (acc. loci) is placed emphatically at the head, as in Jeremiah 23:12.

Isaiah 9:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for unto

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you...

Luke 2:11 For to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord.

unto us a son

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory...

John 3:16,17 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish...

Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

1 John 4:10-14 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins...

the government

Isaiah 22:21,22 And I will clothe him with your robe, and strengthen him with your girdle, and I will commit your government into his hand...

Psalm 2:6-12 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion...

Psalm 110:1-4 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool...

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

Zechariah 6:12,13 And speak to him, saying, Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH...

Zechariah 9:9,10 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your King comes to you: he is just...

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the Son, but the Father; neither knows any man the Father, save the Son...

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet.

Ephesians 1:21,22 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world...

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

his name

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Judges 13:18 And the angel of the LORD said to him, Why ask you thus after my name, seeing it is secret?

Jeremiah 31:22 How long will you go about, O you backsliding daughter? for the LORD has created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is...

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels...

counsellor

Isaiah 28:29 This also comes forth from the LORD of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

Zechariah 6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on his throne...

Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.

John 1:16 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace.

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

Colossians 2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

the mighty God

Isaiah 45:24,25 Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come...

Psalm 45:3,6 Gird your sword on your thigh, O most mighty, with your glory and your majesty...

Psalm 50:1 The mighty God, even the LORD, has spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun to the going down thereof.

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

John 1:1,2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God...

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost has made you overseers...

Romans 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ;

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true...

the everlasting Prince of Peace

Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid...

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him...

Psalm 72:3,7 The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness...

Psalm 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.

Daniel 9:24,25 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins...

Micah 5:4,5 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide...

Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give to you: not as the world gives, give I to you. Let not your heart be troubled...

Acts 10:36 The word which God sent to the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)

Romans 5:1-10 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ...

2 Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing their trespasses to them...

Ephesians 2:14-18 For he is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of partition between us...

Colossians 1:20,21 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things to himself; by him, I say...

Hebrews 7:2,3 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem...

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep...

Cross References
Matthew 1:1
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matthew 1:23
"Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel" (which means, God with us).

Matthew 28:18
And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

Luke 2:11
For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.

John 3:16
"For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.

1 Corinthians 15:25
For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.

Ephesians 2:14
For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility

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