Then hath Jehovah prepared Over every fixed place of Mount Zion, And over her convocations, A cloud by day, and smoke, And the shining of a flaming fire by night, That, over all honour a safe-guard,
Isaiah 4:5 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And the Lord will create - One MS., the Septuagint, and the Arabic, have יביא yabi, He shall bring: the cloud already exists; the Lord will bring it over. This is a blessed promise of the presence of God in all the assemblies of his people.
Every dwelling place "the station" - The Hebrew text has, every station: but four MSS. (one ancient) omit כל col, all; very rightly, as it should seem: for the station was Mount Zion itself, and no other. See Exodus 15:17. And the Septuagint, Arabic, and MSS., add the same word כל col, before מקראה mikraeha, probably right: the word has only changed its place by mistake. מקראיה mikrayeh, "the place where they were gathered together in their holy assemblies," says Sal ben Melech. But twenty-five of Kennicott's MSS., and twenty-two of De Rossi's fifty-three editions, besides the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic, have the word in the plural number.
A cloud and smoke by day - This is a manifest allusion to the pillar of a cloud and of fire which attended the Israelites in their passage out of Egypt, and to the glory that rested on the tabernacle, Exodus 13:21; Exodus 40:38. The prophet Zechariah, Zechariah 2:5, applies the same image to the same purpose: -
"And I will be unto her a wall of fire round about;
And a glory will I be in the midst of her."
That is, the visible presence of God shall protect her. Which explains the conclusion of this verse of Isaiah; where the makkaph between כל col, and כבוד cabod, connecting the two words in construction, which ought not to be connected, has thrown an obscurity upon the sentence, and misled most of the translators.
For upon all the glory shall be a defense - Whatever God creates, he must uphold, or it will fail, Every degree of grace brings with it a degree of power to maintain itself in the soul.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 32:18 And my people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation, and in sure dwellings, and in quiet resting places;
Isaiah 33:20 Look on Zion, the city of our solemnities: your eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down...
Psalm 87:2,3 The LORD loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob...
Psalm 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.
Psalm 111:1 Praise you the LORD. I will praise the LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.
Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the middle of them.
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and, see, I am with you always, even to the end of the world. Amen.
Exodus 13:21,22 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light...
Exodus 14:19,20,24 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them...
Exodus 40:34-38 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle...
Numbers 9:15-22 And on the day that the tabernacle was reared up the cloud covered the tabernacle, namely, the tent of the testimony...
Nehemiah 9:12 Moreover you led them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire...
Psalm 78:14 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire.
Zechariah 2:5-10 For I, said the LORD, will be to her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the middle of her...
upon. or, above
all the glory
Isaiah 31:4,5 For thus has the LORD spoken to me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey...
Isaiah 37:35 For I will defend this city to save it for my own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
Isaiah 46:13 I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry...
Psalm 85:9 Surely his salvation is near them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.
a defence. Heb. a covering
Exodus 26:1,7 Moreover you shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet...
Isaiah 4:5 Parallel CommentariesArea Assemblies Canopy Cloud Create Defence Defense Dwelling Fire Flaming Glory Habitation Mount Night Shining Smoke Whole ZionArea Assemblies Canopy Cloud Create Defence Defense Dwelling Fire Flaming Glory Habitation Mount Night Shining Smoke Whole ZionTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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