And he heareth concerning Tirhakah king of Cush, saying, 'He hath come out to fight with thee;' and he heareth, and sendeth messengers unto Hezekiah, saying,
Isaiah 37:9 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
He heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia - When he heard that Tirhakah king of Ethiopia had come out against him, then he sent that blasphemous manifesto which is contained in Isaiah 37:10-13, to terrify Hezekiah into submission. How much was this like, in words and spirit, to the manifesto sent to the Parisians by the late Duke of Brunswick, from the plains of Champaigne, in 1792, which was the forerunner of the mighty torrents of human blood which was shed in the French revolution! And what a blast of God fell upon him and his army - nearly like that which fell on the army of Sennacherib!
He sent messengers "He sent messengers again" - The word וישמע vaiyishma, "and he heard, "which occurs the second time in this verse, is repeated by mistake from the beginning of the verse. It is omitted in an ancient MS. It is a mere tautology, and embarrasses the sense. The true reading instead of it is, וישב veyesheb, "and he returned, "which the Septuagint read in this place, απεστρεψε, and which is preserved in the other copy, 2 Kings 19:9 : "He returned and sent, "that is, according to the Hebrew idiom, "he sent again."
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Samuel 23:27,28 But there came a messenger to Saul, saying, Haste you, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land...
Ethiopia. Cush, which is generally rendered Ethiopia, is applied in Scripture to at least three distinct and different countries.
1. The country watered by the Gihon or Araxes,
Genesis 2:13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasses the whole land of Ethiopia.
, also called Cuth,
2 Kings 17:30 And the men of Babylon made Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,
2. A country of Arabia Petraea, bordering upon Egypt, which extended from the northern extremity of the Red sea along its eastern shore.
3. Ethiopia Proper, an extensive country of Africa, comprehending Nubia and Abyssinia; being bounded on the north by Egypt, on the east by the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, and on the south and west by various nations of Africa, and extending from about
6 degrees to
24 degrees n. lat. and
2 Kings 17:25 And so it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them...
45 east long. It is probable that it was this latter Cush, or Ethiopia, of which Tirhakah was king; he being in league with his kinsman Sevechus, son of So, or Sabacon, king of Egypt, against Sennacherib, the king of Assyria.
Isaiah 37:9 Parallel CommentariesAttack Cush Cushite Egypt Ethiopia Fight Forth Heard Heareth Hezekiah Hezeki'ah Marching Messengers News Received Representatives Sennacherib Tirhakah Tirha'kah War WordAttack Cush Cushite Egypt Ethiopia Fight Forth Heard Heareth Hezekiah Hezeki'ah Marching Messengers News Received Representatives Sennacherib Tirhakah Tirha'kah War WordTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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