Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where the gods of Sepharvaim, that they have delivered Samaria out of my hand?
Isaiah 36:19 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Where are the gods - Many MSS. add the conjunction here also: And, or But, where are the gods, etc.
For other matters relative to this chapter, see the notes on 2 Kings 18:13 (note), etc.
Of Sepharvaim - The other copy, 2 Kings 18:34, adds, of "Henah and Ivah."
Have they delivered - וכי vechi. The copulative is not expressed here by the Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate, and three MSS.; nor is it in any other copy. Ib. Houbigant reads הכי hachi, with the interrogative particle; a probable conjecture, which the ancient Versions above quoted seem to favor.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Numbers 34:8 From mount Hor you shall point out your border to the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad:
2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
Arphad. The variation of Arphad and Arpad exists only on the translation.
Isaiah 10:9 Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?
Jeremiah 49:23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted...
sepharvaim. Calmet is of opinion that Sepharvaim was the capital of the Saspires, who, according to Herodotus, were the only people that inhabited between the Colchians and Medes; and probably the Sarapases, whom Strabo places in Armenia. Hiller considers the name as denoting Sephar of the Parvaim, i.e. Mount Sephar adjacent to the regions of Arabia called Parvaim. But it is more probable, as Wells and others suppose, that Sepharvaim if the Sipphara, of Ptolemy, the city of the Sippareni, mentioned by Abydenus, and probably the Hipparenum of Pliny, a city of Mesopotamia, situated upon the Euphrates, near where it is divided into two arms, by one of which, it is probable, it was divided into two parts.
2 Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim...
Isaiah 10:10,11 As my hand has found the kingdoms of the idols, and whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria...
2 Kings 17:5-7 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years...
2 Kings 18:10-12 And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is in the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel...
Isaiah 36:19 Parallel CommentariesArpad Arphad Delivered Gods Hamath Hand Kept Rescued Samaria Sama'ria Sepharvaim Sepharva'imArpad Arphad Delivered Gods Hamath Hand Kept Rescued Samaria Sama'ria Sepharvaim Sepharva'imTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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