Hosea 5:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his sores, then Ephraim turned to Assyria, and sent to the great king for help. But he is not able to cure you, not able to heal your sores.

King James Bible
When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

Darby Bible Translation
When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his sore, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb; but he was unable to heal you, nor hath he removed your sore.

World English Bible
"When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither will he cure you of your wound.

Young's Literal Translation
And see doth Ephraim his sickness, and Judah his wound, And Ephraim goeth unto Asshur, And sendeth unto a warlike king, And he is not able to give healing to you, Nor doth he remove from you a scar.

Hosea 5:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

When Ephraim saw his sickness - When both Israel and Judah felt their own weakness to resist their enemies, instead of calling upon and trusting in me, they sought sinful alliances, and trusted in their idols.

King Jareb - This name occurs nowhere in Scripture but here and in Hosea 10:6. The Vulgate and Targum render ירב yareb, an avenger, a person whom they thought able to save them from their enemies. It is well known that Menahem, king of Israel, sought alliance with Pul and Tiglath-pileser, kings of Assyria, and Ahaz, king of Judah. These were the protectors that Ephraim sought after. See 2 Kings 15 and 16. But far from healing them by making them tributary, the Assyrians made their wound more dangerous.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

his wound.

Jeremiah 30:12,14 For thus said the LORD, Your bruise is incurable, and your wound is grievous...

Micah 1:9 For her wound is incurable; for it is come to Judah; he is come to the gate of my people, even to Jerusalem.

went.

Hosea 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.

Hosea 10:6 It shall be also carried to Assyria for a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame...

Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feeds on wind, and follows after the east wind: he daily increases lies and desolation...

2 Kings 15:19,29 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver...

2 Kings 16:7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am your servant and your son: come up...

2 Chronicles 28:16-18 At that time did king Ahaz send to the kings of Assyria to help him...

to king Jareb. or, to the king of Jareb; or, to the king that should plead. yet.

2 Chronicles 28:20,21 And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not...

Jeremiah 30:15 Why cry you for your affliction? your sorrow is incurable for the multitude of your iniquity: because your sins were increased...

Library
'Physicians of no Value'
'When Ephralm saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither shall he cure you of your wound.'--HOSEA v. 13 (R.V.). The long tragedy which ended in the destruction of the Northern Kingdom by Assyrian invasion was already beginning to develop in Hosea's time. The mistaken politics of the kings of Israel led them to seek an ally where they should have dreaded an enemy. As Hosea puts it in figurative fashion, Ephraim's
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Assyrian Captivity
The closing years of the ill-fated kingdom of Israel were marked with violence and bloodshed such as had never been witnessed even in the worst periods of strife and unrest under the house of Ahab. For two centuries and more the rulers of the ten tribes had been sowing the wind; now they were reaping the whirlwind. King after king was assassinated to make way for others ambitious to rule. "They have set up kings," the Lord declared of these godless usurpers, "but not by Me: they have made princes,
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Hosea
The book of Hosea divides naturally into two parts: i.-iii. and iv.-xiv., the former relatively clear and connected, the latter unusually disjointed and obscure. The difference is so unmistakable that i.-iii. have usually been assigned to the period before the death of Jeroboam II, and iv.-xiv. to the anarchic period which succeeded. Certainly Hosea's prophetic career began before the end of Jeroboam's reign, as he predicts the fall of the reigning dynasty, i. 4, which practically ended with Jeroboam's
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Isaiah 3:7
But in that day he will cry out, "I have no remedy. I have no food or clothing in my house; do not make me the leader of the people."

Jeremiah 30:12
"This is what the LORD says: "'Your wound is incurable, your injury beyond healing.

Ezekiel 23:5
"Oholah engaged in prostitution while she was still mine; and she lusted after her lovers, the Assyrians--warriors

Hosea 2:7
She will chase after her lovers but not catch them; she will look for them but not find them. Then she will say, 'I will go back to my husband as at first, for then I was better off than now.'

Hosea 7:11
"Ephraim is like a dove, easily deceived and senseless-- now calling to Egypt, now turning to Assyria.

Hosea 8:9
For they have gone up to Assyria like a wild donkey wandering alone. Ephraim has sold herself to lovers.

Hosea 10:6
It will be carried to Assyria as tribute for the great king. Ephraim will be disgraced; Israel will be ashamed of its foreign alliances.

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Able Asshur Assyria Assyrian Contentious Cure Disease Ephraim E'phraim Great Heal Healing Jareb Judah Removed Sickness Sore Sores Turned Unable Warlike Wound
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Able Asshur Assyria Assyrian Contentious Cure Disease Ephraim E'phraim Great Heal Healing Jareb Judah Removed Sickness Sore Sores Turned Unable Warlike Wound
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