Hosea 4:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Even when their drinks are gone, they continue their prostitution; their rulers dearly love shameful ways.

King James Bible
Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers with shame do love, Give ye.

Darby Bible Translation
Their drink is sour; they give themselves up to whoredom; her great men passionately love [their] shame.

World English Bible
Their drink has become sour. They play the prostitute continually. Her rulers dearly love their shameful way.

Young's Literal Translation
Sour is their drink, They have gone diligently a-whoring, Her protectors have loved shame thoroughly.

Hosea 4:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Their drink is sour - Or rather, he is gone after their wine. The enticements of idolatry have carried them away.

Her rulers with shame do love - Rather, have loved shame; they glory in their abominations.

Give ye - Perhaps it would be better to read, Her rulers have committed, etc. They have loved gifts. What a shame! These were their rulers, literally, their shields. Justice and judgment were perverted.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

drink.

Deuteronomy 32:32,33 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter...

Isaiah 1:21,22 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers...

Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted you a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then are you turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine to me?

sour. Heb. gone. committed.

Hosea 4:2,10 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touches blood...

2 Kings 17:7-17 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt...

her.

Exodus 23:8 And you shall take no gift: for the gift blinds the wise, and perverts the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift does blind the eyes of the wise...

1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken...

Proverbs 30:15,16 The horse leach has two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yes, four things say not...

Amos 5:12 For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe...

Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money...

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, and the judge asks for a reward; and the great man...

rulers. Heb. shields.

Psalm 47:9 The princes of the people are gathered together, even the people of the God of Abraham: for the shields of the earth belong to God...

Library
'Let Him Alone'
'Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone.'--HOSEA iv. 17. The tribe of Ephraim was the most important member of the kingdom of Israel; consequently its name was not unnaturally sometimes used in a wider application for the whole of the kingdom, of which it was the principal part. Being the 'predominant partner,' its name was used alone for that of the whole firm, just as in our own empire, we often say 'England,' meaning thereby the three kingdoms: England, Scotland, and Ireland. So 'Ephraim' here
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Beth-El. Beth-Aven.
Josephus thus describes the land of Benjamin; "The Benjamites' portion of land was from the river Jordan to the sea, in length: in breadth, it was bounded by Jerusalem and Beth-el." Let these last words be marked, "The breadth of the land of Benjamin was bounded by Jerusalem and Beth-el." May we not justly conclude, from these words, that Jerusalem and Beth-el were opposite, as it were, in a right line? But if you look upon the maps, there are some that separate these by a very large tract of land,
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

"Destroyed for Lack of Knowledge"
God's favor toward Israel had always been conditional on their obedience. At the foot of Sinai they had entered into covenant relationship with Him as His "peculiar treasure. . . above all people." Solemnly they had promised to follow in the path of obedience. "All that the Lord hath spoken we will do," they had said. Exodus 19:5, 8. And when, a few days afterward, God's law was spoken from Sinai, and additional instruction in the form of statutes and judgments was communicated through Moses, the
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Joy
'The fruit of the Spirit is joy.' Gal 5:52. The third fruit of justification, adoption, and sanctification, is joy in the Holy Ghost. Joy is setting the soul upon the top of a pinnacle - it is the cream of the sincere milk of the word. Spiritual joy is a sweet and delightful passion, arising from the apprehension and feeling of some good, whereby the soul is supported under present troubles, and fenced against future fear. I. It is a delightful passion. It is contrary to sorrow, which is a perturbation
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Genesis 38:24
About three months later Judah was told, "Your daughter-in-law Tamar is guilty of prostitution, and as a result she is now pregnant." Judah said, "Bring her out and have her burned to death!"

Hosea 9:10
"When I found Israel, it was like finding grapes in the desert; when I saw your ancestors, it was like seeing the early fruit on the fig tree. But when they came to Baal Peor, they consecrated themselves to that shameful idol and became as vile as the thing they loved.

Micah 3:11
Her leaders judge for a bribe, her priests teach for a price, and her prophets tell fortunes for money. Yet they look for the LORD's support and say, "Is not the LORD among us? No disaster will come upon us."

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Band Bitter Carouse Committed Completely Continually Continue Dearly Deeds Deeply Dishonour Drink Drinks Drunkards False. Glory Great Guilty Harlot Harlotry Love Passionately Play Pleasure Prostitute Rulers Shame Shameful Sour Themselves Way Ways Whoredom
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Band Bitter Carouse Committed Completely Continually Continue Dearly Deeds Deeply Dishonour Drink Drinks Drunkards False. Glory Great Guilty Harlot Harlotry Love Passionately Play Pleasure Prostitute Rulers Shame Shameful Sour Themselves Way Ways Whoredom
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