and your father hath played upon me, and hath changed my hire ten times; and God hath not suffered him to do evil with me.
Genesis 31:7 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Changed my wages ten times - There is a strange diversity among the ancient versions, and ancient and modern interpreters, on the meaning of these words. The Hebrew is עשרת מנים asereth monim, which Aquila translates δεκα αριθμους ten numbers; Symmachus, δεκακις αριτμῳ, ten times in number; the Septuagint δεκα αμνων, ten lambs, with which Origen appears to agree. St. Augustine thinks that by ten lambs five years' wages is meant: that Laban had withheld from him all the party-coloured lambs which had been brought forth for five years, and because the ewes brought forth lambs twice in the year, bis gravidae pecudes, therefore the number ten is used, Jacob having been defrauded of his part of the produce of ten births. It is supposed that the Septuagint use lambs for years, as Virgil does aristas.
En unquam patrios longo post tempore fines,
Pauperis et tuguri congestum cespite culmen,
Post aliquot mea regna videns mirabor aristas?
Virg. Ec. i., ver. 68.
Thus inadequately translated by Dryden:
O must the wretched exiles ever mourn;
Nor, after length of rolling years, return?
Are we condemn'd by Fate's unjust decree,
No more our harvests and our homes to see?
Or shall we mount again the rural throng,
And rule the country, kingdoms once our own?
Here aristas, which signifies ears of corn, is put for harvest, harvest for autumn, and autumn for years. After all, it is most natural to suppose that Jacob uses the word ten times for an indefinite number, which we might safely translate frequently; and that it means an indefinite number in other parts of the sacred writings, is evident from Leviticus 26:26 : Ten women shall bake your bread in one oven. Ecclesiastes 7:19 : Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than Ten mighty men the city. Numbers 14:22 : Because all these men have tempted me now these Ten times. Job 19:3 : These Ten times have ye reproached me. Zechariah 8:23 : In those days - Ten men shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew. Revelation 2:10 : Ye shall have tribulation Ten days.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
ten times. The Hebrew, asereth monim, is literally, as Aquila renders, 'ten numbers;' and Symmachus, 'ten times in number;' which probably implies an indefinite number: see ver.
Genesis 31:41 Thus have I been twenty years in your house; I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your cattle...
Leviticus 26:26 And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven...
Numbers 14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness...
Nehemiah 4:12 And it came to pass, that when the Jews which dwelled by them came, they said to us ten times...
Job 19:8 He has fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness in my paths.
Isaiah 4:1 And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel...
Zechariah 8:23 Thus said the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations...
Genesis 31:29 It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying...
Genesis 20:6 And God said to him in a dream, Yes, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart...
Job 1:10 Have not you made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he has on every side?...
Psalm 37:28 For the LORD loves judgment, and forsakes not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.
Psalm 105:14,15 He suffered no man to do them wrong: yes, he reproved kings for their sakes...
Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against you in judgment you shall condemn...
Genesis 31:7 Parallel CommentariesAllow Allowed Changed Changes Changing Cheated Damage Deceived Evil Faith Harm Hire However Hurt Kept Mocked Payment Permit Played Suffered Ten Times WagesAllow Allowed Changed Changes Changing Cheated Damage Deceived Evil Faith Harm Hire However Hurt Kept Mocked Payment Permit Played Suffered Ten Times WagesTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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