Genesis 2:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.

King James Bible
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.

World English Bible
Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother, and will join with his wife, and they will be one flesh.

Young's Literal Translation
therefore doth a man leave his father and his mother, and hath cleaved unto his wife, and they have become one flesh.

Genesis 2:24 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother - There shall be, by the order of God, a more intimate connection formed between the man and woman, than can subsist even between parents and children.

And they shall be one flesh - These words may be understood in a twofold sense.

1. These two shall be one flesh, shall be considered as one body, having no separate or independent rights, privileges, cares, concerns, etc., each being equally interested in all things that concern the marriage state.

2. These two shall be for the production of one flesh; from their union a posterity shall spring, as exactly resembling themselves as they do each other.

Our Lord quotes these words, Matthew 19:5, with some variation from this text: They Twain shall be one flesh. So in Mark 10:8. St. Paul quotes in the same way, 1 Corinthians 6:16, and in Ephesians 5:31. The Vulgate Latin, the Septuagint, the Syriac, the Arabic, and the Samaritan, all read the word Two. That this is the genuine reading I have no doubt. The word שניהם sheneyhem, they two or both of them, was, I suppose, omitted at first from the Hebrew text, by mistake, because it occurs three words after in the following verse, or more probably it originally occurred in Genesis 2:24, and not in Genesis 2:25; and a copyist having found that he had written it twice, in correcting his copy, struck out the word in Genesis 2:24 instead of Genesis 2:25. But of what consequence is it? In the controversy concerning polygamy, it has been made of very great consequence. Without the word, some have contended a man may have as many wives as he chooses, as the terms are indefinite, They shall be, etc., but with the word, marriage is restricted. A man can have in legal wedlock but One wife at the same time.

We have here the first institution of marriage, and we see in it several particulars worthy of our most serious regard.

1. God pronounces the state of celibacy to be a bad state, or, if the reader please, not a good one; and the Lord God said, It is not good for man to be alone. This is God's judgment. Councils, and fathers, and doctors, and synods, have given a different judgment; but on such a subject they are worthy of no attention. The word of God abideth for ever.

2. God made the woman for the man, and thus he has shown us that every son of Adam should be united to a daughter of Eve to the end of the world. See on 1 Corinthians 7:3 (note). God made the woman out of the man, to intimate that the closest union, and the most affectionate attachment, should subsist in the matrimonial connection, so that the man should ever consider and treat the woman as a part of himself: and as no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and supports it, so should a man deal with his wife; and on the other hand the woman should consider that the man was not made for her, but that she was made for the man, and derived, under God, her being from him; therefore the wife should see that she reverence her husband, Ephesians 5:33.

Genesis 2:23, Genesis 2:24 contain the very words of the marriage ceremony: This is flesh of my flesh, and bone of my bone, therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. How happy must such a state be where God's institution is properly regarded, where the parties are married, as the apostle expresses it, in the Lord; where each, by acts of the tenderest kindness, lives only to prevent the wishes and contribute in every possible way to the comfort and happiness of the other! Marriage might still be what it was in its original institution, pure and suitable; and in its first exercise, affectionate and happy; but how few such marriages are there to be found! Passion, turbulent and irregular, not religion; custom, founded by these irregularities, not reason; worldly prospects, originating and ending in selfishness and earthly affections, not in spiritual ends, are the grand producing causes of the great majority of matrimonial alliances. How then can such turbid and bitter fountains send forth pure and sweet waters? See the ancient allegory of Cupid and Psyche, by which marriage is so happily illustrated, explained in the notes on Matthew 19:4-6.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

leave.

Genesis 24:58,59 And they called Rebekah, and said to her, Will you go with this man? And she said, I will go...

Genesis 31:14,15 And Rachel and Leah answered and said to him, Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father's house...

Psalm 45:10 Listen, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear; forget also your own people, and your father's house;

cleave.

Leviticus 22:12,13 If the priest's daughter also be married to a stranger, she may not eat of an offering of the holy things...

Deuteronomy 4:4 But you that did join to the LORD your God are alive every one of you this day.

Deuteronomy 10:20 You shall fear the LORD your God; him shall you serve, and to him shall you hold, and swear by his name.

Joshua 23:8 But hold to the LORD your God, as you have done to this day.

Psalm 45:10 Listen, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear; forget also your own people, and your father's house;

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies.

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all...

and they shall be one flesh. The LXX. Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Samaritan read, they two; as is also read in several of the Parallel Passages.

Malachi 2:14-16 Yet you say, Why? Because the LORD has been witness between you and the wife of your youth, against whom you have dealt treacherously...

Matthew 19:3-9 The Pharisees also came to him, tempting him, and saying to him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause...

Mark 10:6-12 But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female...

Romans 7:2 For the woman which has an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he lives; but if the husband be dead...

1 Corinthians 6:16,17 What? know you not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, said he, shall be one flesh...

1 Corinthians 7:2-4,10 Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband...

1 Corinthians 7:11 But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband: and let not the husband put away his wife.

Ephesians 5:28-31 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loves his wife loves himself...

1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house...

1 Peter 3:1-7 Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word...

Library
Third Day. Holiness and Creation.
And God blessed the Sabbath day, and sanctified it, because that in it He had rested from all the work which God created and made.'--Gen. ii. 3. In Genesis we have the Book of Beginnings. To its first three chapters we are specially indebted for a Divine light shining on the many questions to which human wisdom never could find an answer. In our search after Holiness, we are led thither too. In the whole book of Genesis the word Holy occurs but once. But that once in such a connection as to open
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

The Covenant of Works
Q-12: I proceed to the next question, WHAT SPECIAL ACT OF PROVIDENCE DID GOD EXERCISE TOWARDS MAN IN THE ESTATE WHEREIN HE WAS CREATED? A: When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him upon condition of perfect obedience, forbidding him to eat of the tree of knowledge upon pain of death. For this, consult with Gen 2:16, 17: And the Lord commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Concerning the Condition of Man in the Fall.
Concerning the Condition of Man in the Fall. [182] All Adam's posterity, or mankind, both Jews and Gentiles, as to the first Adam, or earthly man, is fallen, degenerated, and dead; deprived of the sensation or feeling of this inward testimony or seed of God; and is subject unto the power, nature, and seed of the serpent, which he soweth in men's hearts, while they abide in this natural and corrupted estate; from whence it comes, that not only their words and deeds, but all their imaginations, are
Robert Barclay—Theses Theologicae and An Apology for the True Christian Divinity

Though Ye Know Him Not
"I have known cases of young ministers dissuaded from facing the missionary call by those who posed as friends of Foreign Missions, and yet presumed to argue: 'Your spiritual power and intellectual attainments are needed by the Church at home; they would be wasted in the Foreign Field.' 'Spiritual power wasted' in a land like India! Where is it so sorely needed as in a continent where Satan has constructed his strongest fortresses and displayed the choicest masterpieces of his skill? 'Intellectual
Amy Wilson-Carmichael—Things as They Are

Cross References
Matthew 19:5
and said, 'For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh'?

Mark 10:7
For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife,

Mark 10:8
and the two will become one flesh.' So they are no longer two, but one flesh.

1 Corinthians 6:16
Do you not know that he who unites himself with a prostitute is one with her in body? For it is said, "The two will become one flesh."

Ephesians 5:31
"For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh."

Genesis 4:19
Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.

Proverbs 2:17
who has left the partner of her youth and ignored the covenant she made before God.

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