Exodus 34:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, "The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness,

King James Bible
And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah passed by before his face, and proclaimed, Jehovah, Jehovah God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abundant in goodness and truth,

World English Bible
Yahweh passed by before him, and proclaimed, "Yahweh! Yahweh, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger, and abundant in loving kindness and truth,

Young's Literal Translation
and Jehovah passeth over before his face, and calleth: 'Jehovah, Jehovah God, merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abundant in kindness and truth,

Exodus 34:6 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And the Lord passed by - and proclaimed, The Lord, etc. - It would be much better to read this verse thus: "And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed Jehovah," that is, showed Moses fully what was implied in this august name. Moses had requested God to show him his glory, (see the preceding chapter, Exodus 33:18 (note)), and God promised to proclaim or fully declare the name Jehovah, (Exodus 33:19); by which proclamation or interpretation Moses should see how God would "be gracious to whom he would be gracious," and how he would "be merciful to those to whom he would show mercy. Here therefore God fulfils that promise by proclaiming this name. It has long been a question, what is the meaning of the word יהוה Jehovah, Yehovah, Yehue, Yehveh, or Yeve, Jeue, Jao, Iao, Jhueh, and Jove; for it has been as variously pronounced as it has been differently interpreted. Some have maintained that it is utterly inexplicable; these of course have offered no mode of interpretation. Others say that it implies the essence of the Divine nature. Others, that it expresses the doctrine of the Trinity connected with the incarnation; the letter י yod standing for the Father, ה he for the Son, and ו vau (the connecting particle) for the Holy Spirit: and they add that the ה he being repeated in the word, signifies the human nature united to the Divine in the incarnation. These speculations are calculated to give very little satisfaction. How strange is it that none of these learned men have discovered that God himself interprets this name in Exodus 34:6,! "And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed יהוה Yehovah the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty." These words contain the proper interpretation of the venerable and glorious name Jehovah. But it will be necessary to consider them in detail.

The different names in this and the following verse have been considered as so many attributes of the Divine nature. Commentators divide them into eleven, thus: -

1. יהוה Jehovah.

2. אל EL, the strong or mighty God.

3. רחום Rachum, the merciful Being, who is full of tenderness and compassion.

4. חנון Channun, the gracious One; he whose nature is goodness itself; the loving God.

5. ארך אפים Erech Appayim, long-suffering; the Being who, because of his goodness and tenderness, is not easily irritated, but suffers long and is kind.

6. רב Rab, the great or mighty One.

7. חסד Chesed, the bountiful Being; he who is exuberant in his beneficence.

8. אמת Emeth, the truth or true One; he alone who can neither deceive nor be deceived, who is the fountain of truth, and from whom all wisdom and knowledge must be derived.

9. נצר חסד Notser Chesed, the preserver of bountifulness; he whose beneficence never ends, keeping mercy for thousands of generations, showing compassion and mercy while the world endures.

10. נשא עון ופשע וחטאה Nose avon vaphesha vechattaah, he who bears away iniquity and transgression and sin: properly, the Redeemer, the Pardoner, the Forgiver; the Being whose prerogative alone it is to forgive sin and save the soul. ינקה(לו) נקה לא Nakkeh lo yenakkeh, the righteous Judge, who distributes justice with an impartial hand, with whom no innocent person can ever be condemned.

11. פקד עון Poked avon, etc.; he who visits iniquity, who punishes transgressors, and from whose justice no sinner can escape. The God of retributive and vindictive justice.

These eleven attributes, as they have been termed, are all included in the name Jehovah, and are, as we have before seen, the proper interpretation of it; but the meaning of several of these words has been variously understood.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

passed

Exodus 33:20-23 And he said, You can not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live...

1 Kings 19:11 And he said, Go forth, and stand on the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by...

proclaimed

Numbers 14:17-19 And now, I beseech you, let the power of my LORD be great, according as you have spoken, saying...

Isaiah 12:4 And in that day shall you say, Praise the LORD, call on his name, declare his doings among the people...

the Lord

Exodus 3:13-16 And Moses said to God, Behold, when I come to the children of Israel, and shall say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you...

merciful

Deuteronomy 5:10 And showing mercy to thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.

2 Chronicles 30:9 For if you turn again to the LORD, your brothers and your children shall find compassion before them that lead them captive...

Nehemiah 9:17 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of your wonders that you did among them; but hardened their necks...

Psalm 86:5,15 For you, Lord, are good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy to all them that call on you...

Psalm 103:8-13 The LORD is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy...

Psalm 111:4 He has made his wonderful works to be remembered: the LORD is gracious and full of compassion.

Psalm 112:4 To the upright there rises light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.

Psalm 116:5 Gracious is the LORD, and righteous; yes, our God is merciful.

Psalm 145:8 The LORD is gracious, and full of compassion; slow to anger, and of great mercy.

Joel 2:13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn to the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger...

Jonah 4:2 And he prayed to the LORD, and said, I pray you, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country?...

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

abundant

Psalm 31:19 Oh how great is your goodness, which you have laid up for them that fear you...

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage?...

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound...

Ephesians 1:7,8 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace...

truth

Psalm 57:10 For your mercy is great to the heavens, and your truth to the clouds.

Psalm 91:4 He shall cover you with his feathers, and under his wings shall you trust: his truth shall be your shield and buckler.

Psalm 108:4 For your mercy is great above the heavens: and your truth reaches to the clouds.

Psalm 111:8 They stand fast for ever and ever, and are done in truth and uprightness.

Psalm 138:2 I will worship toward your holy temple, and praise your name for your loving kindness and for your truth...

Psalm 146:6 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which keeps truth for ever:

Lamentations 3:23 They are new every morning: great is your faithfulness.

Micah 7:20 You will perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which you have sworn to our fathers from the days of old.

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Library
Blessed and Tragic Unconsciousness
'... Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him.'--EXODUS xxxiv. 29. '... And Samson wist not that the Lord had departed from him.'--JUDGES xvi. 20. The recurrence of the same phrase in two such opposite connections is very striking. Moses, fresh from the mountain of vision, where he had gazed on as much of the glory of God as was accessible to man, caught some gleam of the light which he adoringly beheld; and a strange radiance sat on his face, unseen by himself, but
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Knowledge that God Is, Combined with the Knowledge that He is to be Worshipped.
John iv. 24.--"God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth." There are two common notions engraven on the hearts of all men by nature,--that God is, and that he must be worshipped, and these two live and die together, they are clear, or blotted together. According as the apprehension of God is clear, and distinct, and more deeply engraven on the soul, so is this notion of man's duty of worshipping God clear and imprinted on the soul, and whenever the actions
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

That the Employing Of, and Associating with the Malignant Party, According as is Contained in the Public Resolutions, is Sinful and Unlawful.
That The Employing Of, And Associating With The Malignant Party, According As Is Contained In The Public Resolutions, Is Sinful And Unlawful. If there be in the land a malignant party of power and policy, and the exceptions contained in the Act of Levy do comprehend but few of that party, then there need be no more difficulty to prove, that the present public resolutions and proceedings do import an association and conjunction with a malignant party, than to gather a conclusion from clear premises.
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

The Exercise of Mercy Optional with God.
ROMANS ix. 15.--"For He saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion." This is a part of the description which God himself gave to Moses, of His own nature and attributes. The Hebrew legislator had said to Jehovah: "I beseech thee show me thy glory." He desired a clear understanding of the character of that Great Being, under whose guidance he was commissioned to lead the people of Israel into the promised land. God said to
William G.T. Shedd—Sermons to the Natural Man

Cross References
Romans 2:4
Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God's kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?

James 5:11
As you know, we count as blessed those who have persevered. You have heard of Job's perseverance and have seen what the Lord finally brought about. The Lord is full of compassion and mercy.

Exodus 20:5
You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

Exodus 22:27
because that cloak is the only covering your neighbor has. What else can they sleep in? When they cry out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

Exodus 33:19
And the LORD said, "I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

Numbers 14:18
The LORD is slow to anger, abounding in love and forgiving sin and rebellion. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation.'

Deuteronomy 4:31
For the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your ancestors, which he confirmed to them by oath.

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