and Moses goeth into the midst of the cloud, and goeth up unto the mount, and Moses is on the mount forty days and forty nights.
Exodus 24:18 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Forty days and forty nights - During the whole of this time he neither ate bread nor drank water; see Exodus 34:28; Deuteronomy 9:9. Both his body and soul were so sustained by the invigorating presence of God, that he needed no earthly support, and this may be the simple reason why he took none. Elijah fasted forty days and forty nights, sustained by the same influence, 1 Kings 19:8; as did likewise our blessed Lord, when he was about to commence the public ministry of his own Gospel, Matthew 4:2.
1. Moses, who was the mediator of the Old Covenant, is alone permitted to draw nigh to God; none of the people are suffered to come up to the Divine glory, not even Aaron, nor his sons, nor the nobles of Israel. Moses was a type of Christ, who is the mediator of the New Covenant; and he alone has access to God in behalf of the human race, as Moses had in behalf of Israel.
2. The law can inspire nothing but terror, when viewed unconnected with its sacrifices, and those sacrifices are nothing but as they refer to Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, who alone by the sacrifice of himself, bears away the sin of the world.
3. The blood of the victims was sprinkled both on the altar and on the people, to show that the death of Christ gave to Divine justice what it demanded, and to men what they needed. The people were sanctified by it unto God, and God was propitiated by it unto the people. By this sacrifice the law was magnified and made honorable, so Divine justice received its due; and those who believe are justified from all guilt, and sanctified from all sin, so they receive all that they need. Thus God is well pleased, and believers eternally saved. This is a glorious economy, highly worthy of God its author.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.
Exodus 9:29,33 And Moses said to him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands to the LORD; and the thunder shall cease...
Exodus 19:20 And the LORD came down on mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount...
Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursues: but the righteous are bold as a lion.
Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water...
Deuteronomy 9:9,18,25 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you...
Deuteronomy 10:10 And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD listened to me at that time also...
1 Kings 19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights to Horeb the mount of God.
Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered.
Mark 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered to him.
Luke 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungry.
Exodus 24:18 Parallel CommentariesAscended Cloud Entered Forty Gat Midst Moses Mount Mountain NightsAscended Cloud Entered Forty Gat Midst Moses Mount Mountain NightsTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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