Exodus 21:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Anyone who beats their male or female slave with a rod must be punished if the slave dies as a direct result,

King James Bible
And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.

Darby Bible Translation
And if a man strike his bondman or his handmaid with a staff, and he die under his hand, he shall certainly be avenged.

World English Bible
"If a man strikes his servant or his maid with a rod, and he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when a man smiteth his man-servant or his handmaid, with a rod, and he hath died under his hand -- he is certainly avenged;

Exodus 21:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed - This was a wise and excellent institution, and most courts of justice still regulate their decisions on such cases by this Mosaic precept.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

smite

Exodus 21:26,27 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake...

Deuteronomy 19:21 And your eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

Proverbs 29:19 A servant will not be corrected by words: for though he understand he will not answer.

Isaiah 58:3,4 Why have we fasted, say they, and you see not? why have we afflicted our soul, and you take no knowledge? Behold...

he shall

Genesis 9:6 Whoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

Numbers 35:30-33 Whoever kills any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses...

punished. Heb. avenged

Genesis 4:15,24 And the LORD said to him, Therefore whoever slays Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark on Cain...

Numbers 35:19 The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meets him, he shall slay him.

Romans 13:4 For he is the minister of God to you for good. But if you do that which is evil, be afraid; for he bears not the sword in vain...

Library
The Development of the Earlier Old Testament Laws
[Sidenote: First the principle, and then the detailed laws] If the canon of the New Testament had remained open as long as did that of the Old, there is little doubt that it also would have contained many laws, legal precedents, and ecclesiastical histories. From the writings of the Church Fathers and the records of the Catholic Church it is possible to conjecture what these in general would have been. The early history of Christianity illustrates the universal fact that the broad principles are
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

A Discourse of the Building, Nature, Excellency, and Government of the House of God; with Counsels and Directions to the Inhabitants Thereof.
BY JOHN BUNYAN, OF BEDFORD. 'Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth.'--Psalm 26:8 ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR. Beautiful in its simplicity is this treatise on the Church of Christ, by John Bunyan. He opens, with profound knowledge and eminent skill, all those portions of sacred writ which illustrate the nature, excellency, and government of the house of God, with the personal and relative duties of its inhabitants. It was originally published in
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Councils of Ariminum and Seleucia.
Part I. History of the Councils. Reason why two Councils were called. Inconsistency and folly of calling any; and of the style of the Arian formularies; occasion of the Nicene Council; proceedings at Ariminum; Letter of the Council to Constantius; its decree. Proceedings at Seleucia; reflections on the conduct of the Arians. 1. Perhaps news has reached even yourselves concerning the Council, which is at this time the subject of general conversation; for letters both from the Emperor and the Prefects
Athanasius—Select Works and Letters or Athanasius

The Section Chap. I. -iii.
The question which here above all engages our attention, and requires to be answered, is this: Whether that which is reported in these chapters did, or did not, actually and outwardly take place. The history of the inquiries connected with this question is found most fully in Marckius's "Diatribe de uxore fornicationum," Leyden, 1696, reprinted in the Commentary on the Minor Prophets by the same author. The various views may be divided into three classes. 1. It is maintained by very many interpreters,
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Exodus 21:19
the one who struck the blow will not be held liable if the other can get up and walk around outside with a staff; however, the guilty party must pay the injured person for any loss of time and see that the victim is completely healed.

Exodus 21:21
but they are not to be punished if the slave recovers after a day or two, since the slave is their property.

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