And thou hast made a border for the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, going up into the mount, or coming against its extremity; whoever is coming against the mount is certainly put to death;
Exodus 19:12 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Thou shalt set bounds - Whether this was a line marked out on the ground, beyond which they were not to go, or whether a fence was actually made to keep them off, we cannot tell; or whether this fence was made all round the mountain, or only at that part to which one wing of the camp extended, is not evident.
This verse strictly forbids the people from coming near and touching Mount Sinai, which was burning with Fire. The words therefore in Exodus 19:15, אל תגשו אל אשה al tiggeshu el ishshah, come not at your wives, seem rather to mean, come not near unto the Fire; especially as the other phrase is not at all probable: but the fire is, on this occasion, spoken of so emphatically (see Deuteronomy 5:4, Deuteronomy 5:5, Deuteronomy 5:22-25) that we are naturally led to consider אשה ishshah here as האש ha-esh transposed, or to say, with Simon in his Lexicon, אשה faem, idem quod masc. אש ignis. So among other instances, we have אבר and אברה a wing; אור and אורה light; אמץ and אמצה strength; and אמר and אמרה a speech - Burt. See Kennicott's Remarks.
Whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death - The place was awfully sacred, because the dreadful majesty of God was displayed on it. And this taught them that God is a consuming fire, and that it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 19:21,23 And the LORD said to Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through to the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish...
Joshua 3:4 Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near to it...
Exodus 10:28 And Pharaoh said to him, Get you from me, take heed to yourself, see my face no more; for in that day you see my face you shall die.
Exodus 34:12 Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you go...
Deuteronomy 2:4 And command you the people, saying, You are to pass through the coast of your brothers the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir...
Deuteronomy 4:9 Only take heed to yourself, and keep your soul diligently, lest you forget the things which your eyes have seen...
Hebrews 12:20,21 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned...
Exodus 19:12 Parallel CommentariesBeware Border Bounds Careful Death Heed Mount Mountain Onto Round Surely Touch Touches Toucheth YourselvesBeware Border Bounds Careful Death Heed Mount Mountain Onto Round Surely Touch Touches Toucheth YourselvesTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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