|New International Version (© 2011)|
This is why it says: "When he ascended on high, he took many captives and gave gifts to his people."
King James Bible
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
American Standard Version
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, And gave gifts unto men.
Young's Literal Translation
wherefore, he saith, 'Having gone up on high he led captive captivity, and gave gifts to men,' --
Ephesians 4:8 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Wherefore he saith - The reference seems to be to Psalm 68:18, which, however it may speak of the removal of the tabernacle, appears to have been intended to point out the glorious ascension of Christ after his resurrection from the dead. The expositions of various commentators have made the place extremely difficult. I shall not trouble my reader with them; they may be seen in Rosenmuller.
When he ascended up on high - The whole of this verse, as it stands in the psalm, seems to refer to a military triumph. Take the following paraphrase: Thou hast ascended on high: the conqueror was placed in a very elevated chariot. Thou hast led captivity captive: the conquered kings and generals were usually bound behind the chariot of the conqueror, to grace the triumph. Thou host received gifts for (Paul, given gifts unto) men: at such times the conqueror was wont to throw money among the crowd. Even to the rebellious: those who had fought against him now submit unto him, and share his munificence; for it is the property of a hero to be generous. That the Lord God might dwell among them: the conqueror being now come to fix his abode in the conquered provinces, and subdue the people to his laws.
All this the apostle applies to the resurrection, ascension, and glory of Christ; though it has been doubted by some learned men whether the psalmist had this in view. I shall not dispute about this; it is enough for me that the apostle, under the inspiration of God, applied the verse in this way; and whatever David might intend, and of whatever event he might have written, we see plainly that the sense in which the apostle uses it was the sense of the Spirit of God; for the Spirit in the Old and New Testaments is the same. I may venture a short criticism on a few words in the original: Thou hast received gifts for men, לקחת מתנות באדם lakachta mattanoth baadam, thou hast taken gifts in man, in Adam. The gifts which Jesus Christ distributes to man he has received in man, in and by virtue of his incarnation; and it is in consequence of his being made man that it may be said, The Lord God dwells among them; for Jesus was called Immanuel, God with us, in consequence of his incarnation. This view of the subject is consistent with the whole economy of grace, and suits well with the apostle's application of the words of the psalmist in this place.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
When. See on
Psalm 68:18 You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive: you have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also...
Judges 5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead your captivity captive, you son of Abinoam.
Colossians 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
captivity. or, a multitude of captives. and.
1 Samuel 30:26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil to the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying...
Esther 2:18 Then the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces...
Ephesians 4:8 Parallel CommentariesAscended Captive Captives Captivity Freely Gifts High Host Led Prisoners Reason Scripture Train WhereforeAscended Captive Captives Captivity Freely Gifts High Host Led Prisoners Reason Scripture Train WhereforeTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
Ephesians 4:8 Mobile Bible
Ephesians 4:8 Bible Suite
Ephesians 4:8 Biblia Paralela
Ephesians 4:8 Chinese Bible
Judges 5:12 Wake up, wake up, Deborah! Wake up, wake up, break out in song! Arise, Barak! Take captive your captives, son of Abinoam.'
Psalm 68:18 When you ascended on high, you took many captives; you received gifts from people, even from the rebellious-- that you, LORD God, might dwell there.
Proverbs 30:4 Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Whose hands have gathered up the wind? Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is the name of his son? Surely you know!
Ephesians 4:11 So Christ himself gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and teachers,
Colossians 2:15 And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.