Ecclesiastes 1:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The words of the Teacher, son of David, king in Jerusalem:

King James Bible
The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

Darby Bible Translation
The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

World English Bible
The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem:

Young's Literal Translation
Words of a preacher, son of David, king in Jerusalem:

Ecclesiastes 1:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The words of the Preacher - Literally, "The words of Choheleth, son of David, king of Jerusalem." But the Targum explains it thus: "The words of the prophecy, which Choheleth prophesied; the same is Solomon, son of David the king, who was in Jerusalem. For when Solomon, king of Israel, saw by the spirit of prophecy that the kingdom of Rehoboam his son was about to be divided with Jeroboam, the son of Nebat; and the house of the sanctuary was about to be destroyed, and the people of Israel sent into captivity; he said in his word - Vanity of vanities is all that I have labored, and David my father; they are altogether vanity." The word קהלת Koheleth is a feminine noun, from the root קהל kahal, to collect, gather together, assemble; and means, she who assembles or collects a congregation; translated by the Septuagint, ekklhsiasthv, a public speaker, a speaker in an assembly; and hence translated by us a preacher. In my old MS. Bible it is explained thus: a talker to the peple; or togyder cleping.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the preacher

Ecclesiastes 1:12 I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Ecclesiastes 7:27 Behold, this have I found, said the preacher, counting one by one, to find out the account:

Ecclesiastes 12:8-10 Vanity of vanities, said the preacher; all is vanity...

Nehemiah 6:7 And you have also appointed prophets to preach of you at Jerusalem, saying, There is a king in Judah...

Psalm 40:9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: see, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, you know.

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Jonah 3:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the preaching that I bid you.

2 Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness...

king

Ecclesiastes 1:12 I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

1 Kings 11:42,43 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years...

2 Chronicles 9:30 And Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.

2 Chronicles 10:17-19 But as for the children of Israel that dwelled in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them...

Library
Two views of Life
'This sore travail hath God given to the sons of man, to be exercised therewith.--ECCLES. i. 13. 'He for our profit, that we might be partakers of His holiness.'--HEBREWS xii. 10. These two texts set before us human life as it looks to two observers. The former admits that God shapes it; but to him it seems sore travail, the expenditure of much trouble and efforts; the results of which seem to be nothing beyond profitless exercise. There is an immense activity and nothing to show for it at the end
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Eusebius' Birth and Training. His Life in Cæsarea Until the Outbreak of the Persecution.
Our author was commonly known among the ancients as Eusebius of Cæsarea or Eusebius Pamphili. The former designation arose from the fact that he was bishop of the church in Cæsarea for many years; the latter from the fact that he was the intimate friend and devoted admirer of Pamphilus, a presbyter of Cæsarea and a martyr. Some such specific appellation was necessary to distinguish him from others of the same name. Smith and Wace's Dictionary of Christian Biography mentions 137
Eusebius Pamphilius—Church History

How to Make Use of Christ as the Truth, for Growth in Knowledge.
It is a commanded duty, that we grow in the knowledge of Jesus Christ, 2 Pet. iii. 18; and the knowledge of him being life eternal, John xvii. 3, and our measure of knowledge of him here being but imperfect, for we know but in part, it cannot but be an useful duty, and a desirable thing, to be growing in this knowledge. This is to walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, to be increasing in the knowledge of God, Col. i. 10. Knowledge must be added to virtue; and it layeth a ground for other Christian
John Brown (of Wamphray)—Christ The Way, The Truth, and The Life

Joy
'The fruit of the Spirit is joy.' Gal 5:52. The third fruit of justification, adoption, and sanctification, is joy in the Holy Ghost. Joy is setting the soul upon the top of a pinnacle - it is the cream of the sincere milk of the word. Spiritual joy is a sweet and delightful passion, arising from the apprehension and feeling of some good, whereby the soul is supported under present troubles, and fenced against future fear. I. It is a delightful passion. It is contrary to sorrow, which is a perturbation
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Proverbs 1:1
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

Proverbs 31:31
Honor her for all that her hands have done, and let her works bring her praise at the city gate.

Ecclesiastes 1:12
I, the Teacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Ecclesiastes 7:27
"Look," says the Teacher, "this is what I have discovered: "Adding one thing to another to discover the scheme of things--

Ecclesiastes 12:8
"Meaningless! Meaningless!" says the Teacher. "Everything is meaningless!"

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