And in the fifth year of Joram son of Ahab king of Israel -- and Jehoshaphat is king of Judah -- hath Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah reigned;
2 Kings 8:16 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
In the fifth year of Joram - This verse, as it stands in the present Hebrew text, may be thus read: "And in the fifth year of Joram son of Ahab king of Israel, [and of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah], reigned Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah." The three Hebrew words, ויהושפט מלך יהודה, and of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, greatly disturb the chronology in this place. It is certain that Jehoshaphat reigned twenty-five years, and that Jehoram his son reigned but eight; 1 Kings 22:42; 2 Kings 8:17; 2 Chronicles 20:31; 2 Chronicles 21:5. So that he could not have reigned during his father's life without being king twenty years, and eight years! These words are wanting in three of Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS. in the Complutensian and Aldine editions of the Septuagint, in the Peshito Syriac, in the Parisian Heptapler Syriac, the Arabic, and in many copies of the Vulgate, collated by Dr. Kennicott and De Rossi, both printed and manuscript; to which may be added two MSS. in my own library, one of the fourteenth, the other of the eleventh century, and in what I judge to be the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate. And it is worthy of remark that in this latter work, after the fifteenth verse, ending with Quo mortuo regnavit Azahel pro eo, the following words are in a smaller character, Anno quinto Joram filii Achab regis Israhel, regnavit Joram filius Josaphat rex Juda. Triginta, etc. We have already seen that it is supposed that Jehoshaphat associated his son with him in the kingdom; and that the fifth year in this place only regards Joram king of Israel, and not Jehoshaphat king of Judah. See the notes on 2 Kings 1:17.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 1:17 So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken...
1 Kings 22:50 And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father...
2 Chronicles 21:1-20 Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead...
began to reign. [heb] reigned `Began to reign in concert with his father.'
2 Kings 8:16 Parallel CommentariesAhab Fifth Israel Jehoram Jeho'ram Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Joram Judah Reign ReignedAhab Fifth Israel Jehoram Jeho'ram Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Joram Judah Reign ReignedTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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