And Hannah prayeth, and saith: 'My heart hath exulted in Jehovah, My horn hath been high in Jehovah, My mouth hath been large over mine enemies, For I have rejoiced in Thy salvation.
1 Samuel 2:1 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And Hannah prayed, and said - The Chaldee very properly says, And Hannah prayed in the spirit of prophecy; for indeed the whole of this prayer, or as it may be properly called oracular declaration, is a piece of regular prophecy, every part of it having respect to the future, and perhaps not a little - of it declaratory oil the Messiah's kingdom.
Dr. Hales has some very good observations on this prophetic song.
"This admirable hymn excels in simplicity of composition, closeness of connection, and uniformity of sentiment; breathing the pious effusions of a devout mind, deeply impressed with a conviction of God's mercies to herself in particular, and of his providential government of the world in general; exalting the poor in spirit or the humble-minded, and abasing the rich and the arrogant; rewarding the righteous, and punishing the wicked. Hannah was also a prophetess of the first class, besides predicting her own fruitfulness, 1 Samuel 2:5, (for she bore six children in all, 1 Samuel 2:21), she foretold not only the more immediate judgments of God upon the Philistines during her son's administration, 1 Samuel 2:10, but his remoter judgments 'upon the ends of the earth,' 1 Samuel 2:10, in the true spirit of the prophecies of Jacob, Balaam, and Moses. Like them, she describes the promised Savior of the world as a King, before there was any king in Israel; and she first applied to him the remarkable epithet Messiah in Hebrew, Christ in Greek, and Anointed in English, which was adopted by David, Nathan, Ethan, Isaiah, Daniel, and the succeeding prophets of the Old Testament; and by the apostles and inspired writers of the New. And the allusion thereto by Zacharias, the father of the Baptist, in his hymn, Luke 1:69, where he calls Christ a 'horn of salvation,' and the beautiful imitation of it by the blessed Virgin throughout in her hymn, Luke 1:46-55, furnishing the finest commentary thereon, clearly prove that Hannah in her rejoicing had respect to something higher than Peninnah her rival, or to the triumphs of Samuel, or even of David himself; the expressions are too magnificent and sublime to be confined to such objects. Indeed the learned rabbi, David Kimchi, was so struck with them that he ingenuously confessed that 'the King of whom Hannah speaks is the Messiah,' of whom she spake either by prophecy or tradition; for, continues he, 'there was a tradition among the Israelites, that a great zing should arise in Israel; and she seals up her song with celebrating this King who was to deliver them from all their enemies.' The tradition, as we have seen, was founded principally on Balaam's second and third prophecies, Numbers 24:7-17; and we cannot but admire that gracious dispensation of spiritual gifts to Hannah (whose name signifies grace) in ranking her among the prophets who should first unfold a leading title of the blessed Seed of the woman."
In the best MSS. the whole of this hymn is written in hemistich or poetic lines. I shall here produce it in this order, following the plan as exhibited in Kennicott's Bible, with some trifling alterations of our present version: -
1 Samuel 2:1. My heart exulteth in Jehovah; My horn is exalted in Jehovah. My mouth is incited over mine enemies, For I have rejoiced in thy salvation.
1 Samuel 2:2. There is none holy like Jehovah, For there is none besides thee; There is no rock like our God.
1 Samuel 2:3. Do not magnify yourselves, speak not proudly, proudly. Let not prevarication come out of your mouth; For the God of knowledge is Jehovah, And by him actions are directed.
1 Samuel 2:4. The bows of the heroes are broken, And the tottering are girded with strength.
1 Samuel 2:5. The full have hired out themselves for bread, And the famished cease for ever. The barren hath borne seven, And she who had many children is greatly enfeebled.
1 Samuel 2:6. Jehovah killeth, and maketh alive; He bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
1 Samuel 2:7. Jehovah maketh poor, and maketh rich; He bringeth down, and he even exalteth.
1 Samuel 2:8. He lifteth up the poor from the dust; From the dunghill he exalteth the beggar, To make him sit with the nobles, And inherit the throne of glory. For to Jehovah belong the pillars of the earth, And upon them he hath placed the globe.
1 Samuel 2:9. The foot of his saints he shall keep, And the wicked shall be silent in darkness; For by strength shall no man prevail.
1 Samuel 2:10. Jehovah shall bruise them who contend with him; Upon them shall be thunder in the heavens. Jehovah shall judge the ends of the earth; And he shall give strength to his King. And shall exalt the horn of his Messiah.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Nehemiah 11:17 And Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, was the principal to begin the thanksgiving in prayer...
Habakkuk 3:1 A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet on Shigionoth.
Philippians 4:6 Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.
Luke 1:46,47 And Mary said, My soul does magnify the Lord...
Romans 5:11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice.
1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, you love; in whom, though now you see him not, yet believing, you rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
Psalm 18:2 The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler...
Psalm 89:17 For you are the glory of their strength: and in your favor our horn shall be exalted.
Psalm 92:10 But my horn shall you exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
Psalm 112:8,9 His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire on his enemies...
Luke 1:69 And has raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;
Exodus 15:1,21 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song to the LORD, and spoke, saying, I will sing to the LORD...
Judges 5:1,2 Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying...
Psalm 51:15 O Lord, open you my lips; and my mouth shall show forth your praise.
Psalm 71:8 Let my mouth be filled with your praise and with your honor all the day.
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, you heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets; for God has avenged you on her.
Psalm 9:14 That I may show forth all your praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion: I will rejoice in your salvation.
Psalm 13:5 But I have trusted in your mercy; my heart shall rejoice in your salvation.
Psalm 20:5 We will rejoice in your salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners: the LORD fulfill all your petitions.
Psalm 35:9 And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD: it shall rejoice in his salvation.
Psalm 118:14 The LORD is my strength and song, and is become my salvation.
Isaiah 12:2,3 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song...
Habakkuk 3:18 Yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will joy in the God of my salvation.
1 Samuel 2:1 Parallel CommentariesBoasts Boldly Delight Deliverance Derides Enemies Enlarged Exalted Exulted Exulteth Exults Hannah Haters Heart High Horn Joy Lifted Mouth Open Opened Prayed Prayer Prayeth Rejoice Rejoices Rejoiceth Salvation Speaks Strength WideBoasts Boldly Delight Deliverance Derides Enemies Enlarged Exalted Exulted Exulteth Exults Hannah Haters Heart High Horn Joy Lifted Mouth Open Opened Prayed Prayer Prayeth Rejoice Rejoices Rejoiceth Salvation Speaks Strength WideTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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