John 18:28
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©GreekTransliterationStrong'sDefinitionOrigin
Thenοὖνoun3767therefore, then, (and) soa prim. word
they ledἌγουσινagousin71to lead, bring, carrya prim. verb
JesusἸησοῦνiēsoun2424Jesus or Joshua, the name of the Messiah, also three other Isr.of Hebrew origin Yehoshua
from CaiaphasΚαϊάφαkaiapha2533Caiaphas, an Isr. high priestof Aramaic origin
into the Praetorium,πραιτώριονpraitōrion4232Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guardof Latin origin
and it was early;πρωΐprōi4404earlyadverb from pro
and they themselvesαὐτοὶautoi846(1) self (emphatic) (2) he, she, it (used for the third pers. pron.) (3) the samean intensive pronoun, a prim. word
did not enterεἰσῆλθονeisēlthon1525to go in (to), enterfrom eis and erchomai
into the Praetoriumπραιτώριονpraitōrion4232Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guardof Latin origin
soἵναina2443in order that, that, so thata prim. conjunction denoting purpose, definition or result
that they would not be defiled,μιανθῶσινmianthōsin3392to stain, defilea prim. verb
but might eat  2068to eatakin to edó (to eat)
the Passover.πάσχαpascha3957the Passover, the Passover supper or lambof Aramaic origin, cf. pesach
KJV Lexicon
αγουσιν  verb - present active indicative - third person
ago  ag'-o:  to lead; by implication, to bring, drive, (reflexively) go, (specially) pass (time), or (figuratively) induce -- be, bring (forth), carry, (let) go, keep, lead away, be open.
ουν  conjunction
oun  oon:  (adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly -- and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.
τον  definite article - accusative singular masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
ιησουν  noun - accusative singular masculine
Iesous  ee-ay-sooce':  Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites -- Jesus.
απο  preposition
apo  apo':  off, i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative)
του  definite article - genitive singular masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
καιαφα  noun - genitive singular masculine
Kaiaphas  kah-ee-af'-as:  the dell; Caiaphas (i.e. Cajepha), an Israelite -- Caiaphas.
εις  preposition
eis  ice:  to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
το  definite article - accusative singular neuter
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
πραιτωριον  noun - accusative singular neuter
praitorion  prahee-to'-ree-on:  the praetorium or governor's courtroom (sometimes including the whole edifice and camp) -- (common, judgment) hall (of judgment), palace, praetorium.
ην  verb - imperfect indicative - third person singular
en  ane:  I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were) -- + agree, be, have (+ charge of), hold, use, was(-t), were.
δε  conjunction
de  deh:  but, and, etc. -- also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).
πρωι  adverb
proi  pro-ee':  at dawn; by implication, the day-break watch -- early (in the morning), (in the) morning.
και  conjunction
kai  kahee:  and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
αυτοι  personal pronoun - nominative plural masculine
autos  ow-tos':  the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
ουκ  particle - nominative
ou  oo:  no or not -- + long, nay, neither, never, no (man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.
εισηλθον  verb - second aorist active indicative - third person
eiserchomai  ice-er'-khom-ahee:  to enter -- arise, come (in, into), enter in(-to), go in (through).
εις  preposition
eis  ice:  to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
το  definite article - accusative singular neuter
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
πραιτωριον  noun - accusative singular neuter
praitorion  prahee-to'-ree-on:  the praetorium or governor's courtroom (sometimes including the whole edifice and camp) -- (common, judgment) hall (of judgment), palace, praetorium.
ινα  conjunction
hina  hin'-ah:  in order that (denoting the purpose or the result) -- albeit, because, to the intent (that), lest, so as, (so) that, (for) to.
μη  particle - nominative
me  may:  any but (that), forbear, God forbid, lack, lest, neither, never, no (wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without.
μιανθωσιν  verb - aorist passive subjunctive - third person
miaino  me-ah'-ee-no:  to sully or taint, i.e. contaminate (ceremonially or morally) -- defile.
αλλ  conjunction
alla  al-lah':  other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations) -- and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.
ινα  conjunction
hina  hin'-ah:  in order that (denoting the purpose or the result) -- albeit, because, to the intent (that), lest, so as, (so) that, (for) to.
φαγωσιν  verb - second aorist active subjunctive - third person
phago  fag'-o:  to eat -- eat, meat.
το  definite article - accusative singular neuter
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
πασχα  aramaic transliterated word
pascha  pas'-khah:  the Passover (the meal, the day, the festival or the special sacrifices connected with it) -- Easter, Passover.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas into the Praetorium, and it was early; and they themselves did not enter into the Praetorium so that they would not be defiled, but might eat the Passover.

King James Bible
Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then they took Jesus from Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters. It was early morning. They did not enter the headquarters themselves; otherwise they would be defiled and unable to eat the Passover.

International Standard Version
Then Jesus was led from Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters early in the morning. The Jews did not go into the headquarters, to avoid becoming unclean and unable to eat the Passover meal.

NET Bible
Then they brought Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor's residence. (Now it was very early morning.) They did not go into the governor's residence so they would not be ceremonially defiled, but could eat the Passover meal.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They brought Yeshua from the presence of Qaypha to the Praetorium, and it was dawn, and they did not enter the Praetorium, lest they would be defiled, until they had eaten the Passover.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Early in the morning, Jesus was taken from Caiaphas' house to the governor's palace. The Jews wouldn't go into the palace. They didn't want to become unclean, since they wanted to eat the Passover.

King James 2000 Bible
Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
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