7186. qasheh
Strong's Concordance
qasheh: hard, severe
Original Word: קָשֶׁה
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: qasheh
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-sheh')
Short Definition: hard
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from qashah
Definition
hard, severe
NASB Translation
cruel (2), difficult (2), fierce (2), hard (5), hardship (1), harsh (4), harshly (5), heavier (1), obstinate (1), obstinate* (5), oppressed (1), severe (2), stubborn (1), stubborn* (3), stubbornness* (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
קָשֶׁה adjective hard, severe; — absolute ׳ק Exodus 18:26 +; construct Exodus 32:9 +; feminine singular קָשָׁה Deuteronomy 26:6 +; construct קְשַׁת 1 Samuel 1:15; masculine plural קָשִׁים 2 Samuel 3:39; construct קְשֵׁי Ezekiel 2:4; Ezekiel 3:7; feminine plural קָשׁוֺת Genesis 42:7,30; —

1 hard, difficult, of a legal question (דָּבָר) Exodus 18:26 (E).

2. a. severe, of battle 2 Samuel 2:17, wind Isaiah 27:8, servitude (עֲבֹדָה) 1 Kings 12:4 2Chronicles 10:4; Deuteronomy 26:6; Isaiah 14:3; Exodus 1:14; Exodus 6:9 (both P); as n.collective הִרְאִיתָ עַמְּךָ קָשָׁה Psalm 60:5 thou hast made thy people see severe things; קְשֵׁה יוֺם Job 30:25 i.e. one whose time (life) is hard, so 1 Samuel 1:15 (reading קְשַׁת יוֺם for רוּחַ ׳ק, ᵐ5 Th We Dr and others); severe, rough, of lord (אֲדֹנִים) Isaiah 19:4, compare 2 Samuel 3:39 (with מִן compare [מִמֶּנּוּ? see HPS]); הָלוֺח וְקָשָׁה עַלֿ Judges 4:24 the hand of the sons of Israel went on being more and more severe upon Jabin; fierce, relentless, of ׳י's sword Isaiah 27:1 (in figurative); rough, rude 1 Samuel 25:3; severe things, of language Genesis 42:7,30 (E; with דִּדֶּר), 1 Samuel 20:10; 1 Kings 12:13 2Chronicles 10:13 (all with עָנָה); וְאָנֹכִי שָׁלוּחַ אֵלַיִח קָשָׁה 1 Kings 14:6 I am commissioned with a severe (message) unto thee (Ges§ 121d. N.2 DaSynt. §§ 75 (d), 80); חָזוּת קָשָׁה Isaiah 21:2.

b. fierce, intense, vehement, of קִנְאָה Songs 8:6 ("" עַזָּה; compare Genesis 49:9).

3 עַםקְֿשֵׁהעֹֿרֶף a people stiff of neck, stubborn, Exodus 32:9; Exodus 33:3,5; Exodus 34:9 (all J E), Deuteronomy 9:6,13; עָרְמְּךָ הַקָּשֶׁה Deuteronomy 31:27; compare דַּרְכָּם הַקָּשָׁה Judges 2:19; קְשֵׁי פָנִים Ezekiel 2:4 (+ חִזְקֵילֵֿב), קְשֵׁאלֵֿב Ezekiel 3:7 (+ חִזְקֵימְֿצַח); ׳ק alone = stubborn Isaiah 48:4.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
churlish, cruel, grievous, hardhearted, thing, heavy, impudent, obstinate,

From qashah; severe (in various applications) -- churlish, cruel, grievous, hard((-hearted), thing), heavy, + impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough(-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff((necked)), stubborn, + in trouble.

see HEBREW qashah

Forms and Transliterations
הַקָּשֶׁ֑ה הַקָּשֶׁה֙ הַקָּשָֽׁה׃ הַקָּשָׁ֖ה הַקָּשָׁ֗ה הַקָּשָׁ֜ה הקשה הקשה׃ וְקָשָׁ֔ה וּקְשֵׁי־ וקשה וקשי־ לִקְשֵׁה־ לקשה־ קְשֵׁ֤י קְשֵׁה־ קְשַׁת־ קָשִׁ֣ים קָשֶׁ֑ה קָשֶׁ֖ה קָשֶׁ֛ה קָשָֽׁה׃ קָשָׁ֑ה קָשָׁ֖ה קָשָׁ֗ה קָשָׁ֥ה קָשׁ֑וֹת קָשׁ֗וֹת קשה קשה־ קשה׃ קשות קשי קשים קשת־ hakkaShah hakkaSheh haq·qā·šāh haq·qā·šeh haqqāšāh haqqāšeh kaShah kaSheh kaShim kaShot keshat kesheh keShei liksheh liq·šêh- liqšêh- qā·šāh qā·šeh qā·šîm qā·šō·wṯ qāšāh qāšeh qāšîm qāšōwṯ qə·šaṯ- qə·šê qə·šêh- qəšaṯ- qəšê qəšêh- ū·qə·šê- ukeshei ūqəšê- vekaShah wə·qā·šāh wəqāšāh
Links
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 7186
36 Occurrences


haq·qā·šāh — 6 Occ.
haq·qā·šeh — 2 Occ.
qā·šāh — 11 Occ.
qā·šeh — 3 Occ.
qā·šîm — 1 Occ.
qā·šō·wṯ — 2 Occ.
qə·šaṯ- — 1 Occ.
qə·šêh- — 6 Occ.
qə·šê — 1 Occ.
liq·šêh- — 1 Occ.
ū·qə·šê- — 1 Occ.
wə·qā·šāh — 1 Occ.

Genesis 42:7
HEB: וַיְדַבֵּ֧ר אִתָּ֣ם קָשׁ֗וֹת וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙
NAS: himself to them and spoke to them harshly. And he said
KJV: unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said
INT: spoke to them harshly said to

Genesis 42:30
HEB: הָאָ֛רֶץ אִתָּ֖נוּ קָשׁ֑וֹת וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֹתָ֔נוּ
NAS: spoke harshly with us, and took
KJV: spake roughly to us, and took
INT: of the land for harshly and took spies

Exodus 1:14
HEB: חַיֵּיהֶ֜ם בַּעֲבֹדָ֣ה קָשָׁ֗ה בְּחֹ֙מֶר֙ וּבִלְבֵנִ֔ים
NAS: bitter with hard labor
KJV: bitter with hard bondage,
INT: their lives labor hard mortar and bricks

Exodus 6:9
HEB: ר֔וּחַ וּמֵעֲבֹדָ֖ה קָשָֽׁה׃ פ
NAS: of [their] despondency and cruel bondage.
KJV: of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
INT: of spirit bondage and cruel

Exodus 18:26
HEB: אֶת־ הַדָּבָ֤ר הַקָּשֶׁה֙ יְבִיא֣וּן אֶל־
NAS: times; the difficult dispute
KJV: at all seasons: the hard causes
INT: times dispute the difficult bring to

Exodus 32:9
HEB: וְהִנֵּ֥ה עַם־ קְשֵׁה־ עֹ֖רֶף הֽוּא׃
NAS: and behold, they are an obstinate people.
INT: and behold people churlish stiff-necked he

Exodus 33:3
HEB: כִּ֤י עַם־ קְשֵׁה־ עֹ֙רֶף֙ אַ֔תָּה
NAS: because you are an obstinate people,
INT: because people churlish stiff-necked and I

Exodus 33:5
HEB: אַתֶּ֣ם עַם־ קְשֵׁה־ עֹ֔רֶף רֶ֧גַע
NAS: of Israel, You are an obstinate people;
INT: you people churlish stiff-necked moment

Exodus 34:9
HEB: כִּ֤י עַם־ קְשֵׁה־ עֹ֙רֶף֙ ה֔וּא
NAS: the people are so obstinate, and pardon
INT: even the people churlish stiff-necked he

Deuteronomy 9:6
HEB: כִּ֥י עַם־ קְשֵׁה־ עֹ֖רֶף אָֽתָּה׃
NAS: to possess, for you are a stubborn people.
INT: for people churlish stiff-necked you

Deuteronomy 9:13
HEB: וְהִנֵּ֥ה עַם־ קְשֵׁה־ עֹ֖רֶף הֽוּא׃
NAS: and indeed, it is a stubborn people.
INT: and indeed people churlish stiff-necked he

Deuteronomy 26:6
HEB: עָלֵ֖ינוּ עֲבֹדָ֥ה קָשָֽׁה׃
NAS: us, and imposed hard labor
KJV: us, and laid upon us hard bondage:
INT: and labor hard

Deuteronomy 31:27
HEB: וְאֶֽת־ עָרְפְּךָ֖ הַקָּשֶׁ֑ה הֵ֣ן בְּעוֹדֶנִּי֩
NAS: your rebellion and your stubbornness; behold,
KJV: thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck:
INT: your rebellion neck stiff behold I am still

Judges 2:19
HEB: מִמַּ֣עַלְלֵיהֶ֔ם וּמִדַּרְכָּ֖ם הַקָּשָֽׁה׃
NAS: their practices or their stubborn ways.
KJV: not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.
INT: their practices ways their stubborn

Judges 4:24
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ הָל֣וֹךְ וְקָשָׁ֔ה עַ֖ל יָבִ֣ין
NAS: heavier and heavier upon Jabin
KJV: prospered, and prevailed against Jabin
INT: of Israel heavier and heavier upon Jabin

1 Samuel 1:15
HEB: אֲדֹנִ֔י אִשָּׁ֤ה קְשַׁת־ ר֙וּחַ֙ אָנֹ֔כִי
NAS: I am a woman oppressed in spirit;
KJV: I [am] a woman of a sorrowful spirit:
INT: my lord woman oppressed spirit I

1 Samuel 20:10
HEB: יַּעַנְךָ֥ אָבִ֖יךָ קָשָֽׁה׃ ס
NAS: your father answers you harshly?
KJV: answer thee roughly?
INT: answers your father churlish

1 Samuel 25:3
HEB: תֹּ֔אַר וְהָאִ֥ישׁ קָשֶׁ֛ה וְרַ֥ע מַעֲלָלִ֖ים
NAS: but the man was harsh and evil
KJV: but the man [was] churlish and evil
INT: appearance the man was harsh and evil in dealings

2 Samuel 2:17
HEB: וַתְּהִ֧י הַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה קָשָׁ֥ה עַד־ מְאֹ֖ד
NAS: was very severe, and Abner
KJV: And there was a very sore battle
INT: become the battle severe against was very

2 Samuel 3:39
HEB: בְּנֵ֥י צְרוּיָ֖ה קָשִׁ֣ים מִמֶּ֑נִּי יְשַׁלֵּ֧ם
NAS: are too difficult for me. May the LORD
KJV: of Zeruiah [be] too hard for me: the LORD
INT: the sons of Zeruiah difficult are too repay

1 Kings 12:4
HEB: מֵעֲבֹדַ֨ת אָבִ֜יךָ הַקָּשָׁ֗ה וּמֵעֻלּ֧וֹ הַכָּבֵ֛ד
NAS: therefore lighten the hard service
KJV: grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service
INT: service of your father the hard yoke and his heavy

1 Kings 12:13
HEB: אֶת־ הָעָ֖ם קָשָׁ֑ה וַֽיַּעֲזֹ֛ב אֶת־
NAS: the people harshly, for he forsook
KJV: the people roughly, and forsook
INT: the king the people harshly forsook the advice

1 Kings 14:6
HEB: שָׁל֥וּחַ אֵלַ֖יִךְ קָשָֽׁה׃
NAS: For I am sent to you [with] a harsh [message].
KJV: for I [am] sent to thee [with] heavy [tidings].
INT: sent to you a harsh

2 Chronicles 10:4
HEB: מֵעֲבֹדַ֨ת אָבִ֜יךָ הַקָּשָׁ֗ה וּמֵעֻלּ֧וֹ הַכָּבֵ֛ד
NAS: therefore lighten the hard service
KJV: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude
INT: service of your father the hard yoke and his heavy

2 Chronicles 10:13
HEB: וַיַּעֲנֵ֥ם הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ קָשָׁ֑ה וַֽיַּעֲזֹב֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ
NAS: answered them harshly, and King
KJV: answered them roughly; and king
INT: answered the king harshly forsook and King

36 Occurrences

7185
Top of Page
Top of Page