Ruth 1:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and both Mahlon and Chilion died, so that the woman was left without her two sons and her husband.

King James Bible
And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.

American Standard Version
And Mahlon and Chilion died both of them; and the woman was left of her two children and of her husband.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they both died, to wit, Mahalon and Chelion: and the woman was left alone, having lost both her sons and her husband.

English Revised Version
And Mahlon and Chilion died both of them; and the woman was left of her two children and of her husband.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left by her two sons and her husband.

Ruth 1:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In Judges 21:24 and Judges 21:25, the account of this event is brought to a close with a twofold remark: (1) that the children of Israel, i.e., the representatives of the congregation who were assembled at Shiloh, separated and returned every man into his inheritance to his tribe and family; (2) that at that time there was no king in Israel, and every man was accustomed to do what was right in his own eyes. Whether the fathers or brothers of the virgins who had been carried off brought any complaint before the congregation concerning the raid that had been committed, the writer does not state, simply because this was of no moment so far as the history was concerned, inasmuch as, according to Judges 21:22, the complaint made no difference in the facts themselves.

(Note: "No doubt the fathers and brothers of the virgins demanded them both from the Benjaminites themselves, and also from the elders of Israel, or at any rate petitioned that the Benjaminites might be punished: but the elders replied as they had said that they should; and the persons concerned were satisfied with the answer, and so the affair was brought to a peaceable termination." - Seb. Schmidt.)

With the closing remark in Judges 21:25, however, with which the account returns to its commencement in Judges 19:1, the prophetic historian sums up his judgment upon the history in the words, "At that time every man did what was right in his own eyes, because there was no king in Israel," in which the idea is implied, that under the government of a king, who administered right and justice in the kingdom, such things could not possibly have happened. This not only refers to the conduct of the Israelites towards Benjamin in the war, the severity of which was not to be justified, but also to their conduct towards the inhabitants of Jabesh, as described in Judges 21:5. The congregation had no doubt a perfect right, when all the people were summoned to deliberate upon important matters affecting the welfare of the whole nation, to utter the "great oath" against such as failed to appear, i.e., to threaten them with death and carry out this threat upon such as were obstinate; but such a punishment as this could only be justly inflicted upon persons who were really guilty, and had rebelled against the congregation as the supreme power, and could not be extended to women and children unless they had also committed a crime deserving of death. But even if there were peculiar circumstances in the case before us, which have been passed over by our author, who restricts himself simply to points bearing upon the main purpose of the history, but which rendered it necessary that the ban should be inflicted upon all the inhabitants of Jabesh, it was at any rate an arbitrary exemption to spare all the marriageable virgins, and one which could not be justified by the object contemplated, however laudable that object might be. This also applies to the oath taken by the people, that they would not give any of their daughters as wives to the Benjaminites, as well as to the advice given by the elders to the remaining two hundred, to carry off virgins from the festival at Shiloh. However just and laudable the moral indignation may have been, which was expressed in that oath by the nation generally at the scandalous crime of the Gibeites, a crime unparalleled in Israel, and at the favour shown to the culprits by the tribe of Benjamin, the oath itself was an act of rashness, in which there was not only an utter denial of brotherly love, but the bounds of justice were broken through. When the elders of the nation came to a better state of mind, they ought to have acknowledge their rashness openly, and freed themselves and the nation from an oath that had been taken in such sinful haste. "Wherefore they would have acted far more uprightly, if they had seriously confessed their fault and asked forgiveness of God, and given permission to the Benjaminites to marry freely. In this way there would have been no necessity to cut off the inhabitants of Jabesh from their midst by cruelty of another kind" (Buddeus). But if they felt themselves bound in their consciences to keep the oath inviolably, they ought to have commended the matter to the Lord in prayer, and left it to His decision; whereas, by the advice given to the Benjaminites, they had indeed kept the oath in the letter, but had treated it in deed and truth as having no validity whatever.

Ruth 1:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2696 B.C.

1308 An. Ex. Is,

183
Mahlon

Deuteronomy 32:29 O that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end!

Psalm 89:30-32 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments...

Jeremiah 2:19 Your own wickedness shall correct you, and your backslidings shall reprove you...

died The Targum adds, `And because they transgressed the decree of the word of the Lord, and joined affinity with strange people, therefore their days were cut off.'

and the woman

Isaiah 49:21 Then shall you say in your heart, Who has begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive...

Matthew 22:25-27 Now there were with us seven brothers: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue...

Luke 7:12 Now when he came near to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother...

Cross References
Ruth 1:2
The name of the man was Elimelech and the name of his wife Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They went into the country of Moab and remained there.

Ruth 1:4
These took Moabite wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. They lived there about ten years,

Ruth 1:6
Then she arose with her daughters-in-law to return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the fields of Moab that the LORD had visited his people and given them food.

Jump to Previous
Bereft Children Chilion Chil'ion Die Died End Husband Kilion Mahlon Naomi
Jump to Next
Bereft Children Chilion Chil'ion Die Died End Husband Kilion Mahlon Naomi
Links
Ruth 1:5 NIV
Ruth 1:5 NLT
Ruth 1:5 ESV
Ruth 1:5 NASB
Ruth 1:5 KJV

Ruth 1:5 Bible Apps
Ruth 1:5 Biblia Paralela
Ruth 1:5 Chinese Bible
Ruth 1:5 French Bible
Ruth 1:5 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Ruth 1:4
Top of Page
Top of Page