Psalm 39:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“O LORD, make me know my end and what is the measure of my days; let me know how fleeting I am!

King James Bible
LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am.

American Standard Version
Jehovah, make me to know mine end, And the measure of my days, what it is; Let me know how frail I am.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I spoke with my tongue : O Lord, make me know my end. And what is the number of my days : that I may know what is wanting to me.

English Revised Version
LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; let me know how frail I am.

Webster's Bible Translation
LORD, make me to know my end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am.

Psalm 39:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 38:16-23) Become utterly useless in himself, he renounces all self-help, for (כּי) he hopes in Jahve, who alone can help him. He waits for His answer, for (כי) he says, etc. - he waits for an answer, for the hearing of this his petition which is directed towards the glory of God, that God would not suffer his foes to triumph over him, nor strengthen them in their mercilessness and injustice. Psalm 38:18 appears also to stand under the government of the פּן;

(Note: The following are the constructions of פן when a clause of ore than one member follows it: (1) fut. and perf., the latter with the tone of the perf. consec., e.g., Exodus 34:15., or without it, e.g., Psalm 28:1 (which see); (2) fut. and fut. as in Psalm 2:12, Jeremiah 51:46. This construction is indispensable where it is intended to give special prominence to the subject notion or a secondary notion of the clause, e.g., Deuteronomy 20:6. In one instance פן is even followed (3) by the perf. and fut. consec., viz., 2 Kings 2:10.)

but, since in this case one would look for a Waw relat. and a different order of the words, Psalm 38:18 is to be regarded as a subject clause: "who, when my foot totters, i.e., when my affliction changes to entire downfall, would magnify themselves against me." In Psalm 38:18, כּי connects what follows with בּמוט רגלי by way of confirmation: he is נכון לצלע, ready for falling (Psalm 35:15), he will, if God does not graciously interpose, assuredly fall headlong. The fourth כּי in Psalm 38:19 is attached confirmatorily to Psalm 38:18: his intense pain or sorrow is ever present to him, for he is obliged to confess his guilt, and this feeling of guilt is just the very sting of his pain. And whilst he in the consciousness of well-deserved punishment is sick unto death, his foes are numerous and withal vigorous and full of life. Instead of חיּים, probably חנּם, as in Psalm 35:19; Psalm 69:5, is to be read (Houbigant, Hitzig, Kster, Hupfeld, Ewald, and Olshausen). But even the lxx read חיים; and the reading which is so old, although it does not very well suit עצמוּ (instead of which one would look for ועצוּמים), is still not without meaning: he looks upon himself, according to Psalm 38:9, more as one dead than living; his foes, however, are חיּים, living, i.e., vigorous. The verb frequently ash this pregnant meaning, and the adjective can also have it. Just as the accentuation of the form סבּוּ varies elsewhere out of pause, ורבּוּ here has the tone on the ultima, although it is not perf. consec.

(Note: As perf. consec. the following have the accent on the ultima: - וחתּוּ, Isaiah 20:5, Obadiah 1:9, and ורבּוּ, Isaiah 66:16; perhaps also וחדּוּ, וקלּוּ, Habakkuk 1:8, and ורבּוּ (perf. hypoth.), Job 32:15. But there is no special reason for the ultima-accentuation of רכּוּ, Psalm 55:22; רבּוּ, Psalm 69:5; דּלּוּ, Isaiah 38:14; קלּוּ, Jeremiah 4:13; שׁחוּ, Proverbs 14:19; Habakkuk 3:6; חתּוּ, Job 32:15; זכּוּ, צחוּ, Lamentations 4:7.)

Psalm 38:21 is an apposition of the subject, which remains the same as in Psalm 38:20. Instead of רדופי (Ges. 61, rem. 2) the Ker is רדפי, rādephî (without any Makkeph following), or רדפי, rādophî; cf. on this pronunciation, Psalm 86:2; Psalm 16:1, and with the Chethb רדופי, the Chethb צרופה, Psalm 26:2, also מיורדי, Psalm 30:4. By the "following of that which is good" David means more particularly that which is brought into exercise in relation to his present foes.

(Note: In the Greek and Latin texts, likewise in all the Aethiopic and several Arabic texts, and in the Syriac Psalterium Medilanense, the following addition is found after Psalm 38:21 : Ce aperripsan me ton agapeton osi necron ebdelygmenon, Et projecerunt me dilectum tanquam mortuum abominatum (so the Psalt. Veronense). Theodoret refers it to Absalom's relation to David. The words ὡσεὶ νεκρὸν ἐβδελυγμένον are taken from Isaiah 14:19.)

He closes in Psalm 38:22 with sighs for help. No lighting up of the darkness of wrath takes place. The fides supplex is not changed into fides triumphans. But the closing words, "O Lord, my salvation" (cf. Psalm 51:16), show where the repentance of Cain and that of David differ. True repentance has faith within itself, it despairs of itself, but not of God.

Psalm 39:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

make

Psalm 90:12 So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts to wisdom.

Psalm 119:84 How many are the days of your servant? when will you execute judgment on them that persecute me?

Job 14:13 O that you would hide me in the grave, that you would keep me secret, until your wrath be past, that you would appoint me a set time...

how frail I am, or, what time I have here

Cross References
Job 6:11
What is my strength, that I should wait? And what is my end, that I should be patient?

Psalm 78:39
He remembered that they were but flesh, a wind that passes and comes not again.

Psalm 90:12
So teach us to number our days that we may get a heart of wisdom.

Psalm 103:14
For he knows our frame; he remembers that we are dust.

Psalm 119:84
How long must your servant endure? When will you judge those who persecute me?

Jump to Previous
Cause End Extent Feeble Fleeting Frail Life Measure Short-Lived Show Transient
Jump to Next
Cause End Extent Feeble Fleeting Frail Life Measure Short-Lived Show Transient
Links
Psalm 39:4 NIV
Psalm 39:4 NLT
Psalm 39:4 ESV
Psalm 39:4 NASB
Psalm 39:4 KJV

Psalm 39:4 Bible Apps
Psalm 39:4 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 39:4 Chinese Bible
Psalm 39:4 French Bible
Psalm 39:4 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 39:3
Top of Page
Top of Page