Psalm 19:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.

King James Bible
To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.

American Standard Version
The heavens declare the glory of God; And the firmament showeth his handiwork.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end. A psalm for David. The heavens shew forth the glory of God, and the firmament declareth the work of his hands.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament showeth the work of his hands.

Psalm 19:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:44-46) Thus victorious in God, David became what he now is, viz., the ruler of a great kingdom firmly established both in home and foreign relations. With respect to the גּוים and the verb תּפלּטני which follows, ריבי עם can only be understood of the conflicts among his own people, in which David was involved by the persecution of Saul and the rebellions of Absolom and Sheba the son of Bichri; and from which Jahve delivered him, in order to preserve him for his calling of world-wide dominion in accordance with the promise. We therefore interpret the passage according to בּרית עם in Isaiah 49:8, and קנאת־עם in Isaiah 26:11; whereas the following עם comes to have a foreign application by reason of the attributive clause לא־ידעתּי (Ges. 123, 3). The Niph. נשׁמע in Psalm 18:45 is the reflexive of שׁמע, to obey (e.g., Exodus 24:7), and is therefore to be rendered: show themselves obedient ( equals Ithpa. in Daniel 7:27). לשׁמע אזן implies more than that they obeyed at the word; שׁמע means information, rumour, and שׁמע אזן is the opposite of personal observation (Job 42:5), it is therefore to be rendered: they submitted even at the tidings of my victories; and 2 Samuel 8:9. is an example of this. כּחשׁ to lie, disown, feign, and flatter, is sued here, as it is frequently, of the extorted humility which the vanquished show towards the conqueror. Psalm 18:46 completes the picture of the reason of the sons of a foreign country "putting a good face on a bad game." They faded away, i.e., they became weak and faint-hearted (Exodus 18:18), incapable of holding out against or breaking through any siege by David, and trembled, surrendering at discretion, out of their close places, i.e., out of their strongholds behind which they had shut themselves in (cf. Psalm 142:8). The signification of being alarmed, which in this instance, being found in combination with a local מן, is confined to the sense of terrified flight, is secured to the verb חרג by the Arabic ḥarija (root ḥr, of audible pressure, crowding, and the like) to be pressed, crowded, tight, or narrow, to get in a strait, and the Targumic חרנּא דמותא equals אימתא דמותא (vid., the Targums on Deuteronomy 32:25). Arab. ḥjl, to limp, halt, which is compared by Hitzig, is far removed as to the sound; and the most natural, but colourless Arab. chrj, to go out of (according to its radical meaning - cf. Arab. chrq, chr‛, etc. - : to break forth, erumpere), cannot be supported in Hebrew or Aramaic. The ירגּזוּ found in the borrowed passage in Micah, Micah 7:17, favours our rendering.

Psalm 19:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

(Title.) A psalm. It is uncertain when this highly finished and beautiful ode was composed; though some think it was written by David in the wilderness when persecuted by Saul.

The heavens

Psalm 8:3 When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;

Psalm 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

Psalm 115:16 The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD's: but the earth has he given to the children of men.

Psalm 148:3,4 Praise you him, sun and moon: praise him, all you stars of light...

Isaiah 40:22-26 It is he that sits on the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers...

Jeremiah 10:11,12 Thus shall you say to them, The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, even they shall perish from the earth...

Romans 1:19,20 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God has showed it to them...

the firmament. rakeea, from raka, to stretch out, the expanse, not only containing the celestial bodies, but also the air, light, rain, dews, etc. all of which display the infinite power and wisdom of their Almighty Creator

Psalm 150:1,2 Praise you the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power...

Genesis 1:6-8,14,15 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters...

Daniel 12:3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament...

Cross References
Romans 1:19
For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them.

Romans 1:20
For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.

Genesis 1:6
And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters."

Genesis 1:7
And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so.

Genesis 1:14
And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years,

Psalm 8:1
To the choirmaster: according to The Gittith. A Psalm of David. O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! You have set your glory above the heavens.

Psalm 50:6
The heavens declare his righteousness, for God himself is judge! Selah

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