Proverbs 17:27
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever restrains his words has knowledge, and he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.

King James Bible
He that hath knowledge spareth his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.

American Standard Version
He that spareth his words hath knowledge; And he that is of a cool spirit is a man of understanding.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that setteth bounds to his words. is knowing and wise: and the man of understanding is of a precious spirit.

English Revised Version
He that spareth his words hath knowledge: and he that is of a cool spirit is a man of understanding.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that hath knowledge spareth his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.

Proverbs 17:27 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first three parts of the old Solomonic Book of Proverbs ((1) Proverbs 10-12; (2) 13:1-15:19; (3) 15:20-17:20) are now followed by the fourth part. We recognise it as striking the same keynote as Proverbs 10:1. In Proverbs 17:21 it resounds once more, here commencing a part; there, Proverbs 10:1, beginning the second group of proverbs. The first closes, as it begins, with a proverb of the fool.

21 He that begetteth a fool, it is to his sorrow;

     And the father of a fool hath no joy.

It is admissible to supply ילדו, developing itself from ילד, before לתוּגה לו (vid., regarding this passive formation, at Proverbs 10:1, cf. Proverbs 14:13), as at Isaiah 66:3, מעלה (Fl.: in maerorem sibi genuit h. e. ideo videtur genuisse ut sibi maerorem crearet); but not less admissible is it to interpret לתוגה לו as a noun-clause corresponding to the ולא־ישׂמח (thus to be written with Makkeph): it brings grief to him. According as one understands this as an expectation, or as a consequence, ילד, as at Proverbs 23:24, is rendered either qui gignit or qui genuit. With נבל, seldom occurring in the Book of Proverbs (only here and at Proverbs 17:7), כּסיל, occurring not unfrequently, is interchanged. Schultens rightly defines the latter etymologically: marcidus h. e. qui ad virtutem, pietatem, vigorem omnem vitae spiritualis medullitus emarcuit; and the former: elumbis et mollitie segnitieve fractus, the intellectually heavy and sluggish (cf. Arab. kasal, laziness; kaslân, the lazy).

(Note: Nldeke's assertion (Art. Orion in Schenkel's Bibel-Lexicon) that the Arab. kasal corresponds to the Hebr. כּשׁל proceeds from the twofold supposition, that the meaning to be lazy underlies the meaning to totter (vid., also Dietrich in Gesenius' Heb. Wrterbuch), and that the Hebr. ס must correspond with the Arab. š. The former supposition is untenable, the latter is far removed (cf. e.g., כּסּא and kursı̂, ספר and sifr, מסכּן and miskı̂n). The verb כּשׁל, Aram. תּקל, is unknown in the Arab.)

Proverbs 17:27 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

spareth

Proverbs 10:19 In the multitude of words there wants not sin: but he that refrains his lips is wise.

Proverbs 15:28 The heart of the righteous studies to answer: but the mouth of the wicked pours out evil things.

James 1:19 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.

an excellent spirit

Proverbs 16:32 He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that rules his spirit than he that takes a city.

Ecclesiastes 9:17 The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that rules among fools.

James 3:18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

Cross References
James 1:19
Know this, my beloved brothers: let every person be quick to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger;

Proverbs 10:19
When words are many, transgression is not lacking, but whoever restrains his lips is prudent.

Proverbs 14:29
Whoever is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a hasty temper exalts folly.

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